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Solutions for Chapter 12.2: The SolutionProcess
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A carbocation in which the positive charge is adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.
The enthalpy change, ?H, required to break a particular bond when the substance is in the gas phase. (Section 8.8)
A polysaccharide of glucose; it is the major structural element in plant matter. (Section 24.8)
A dispersion of particles of one substance (the dispersed phase) throughout a dispersing medium made of another substance. (12.8)
E (Section 5.2C)
From the German, entgegen, opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on opposite sides
effective nuclear charge
The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many-electron atom; this charge is not the full nuclear charge because there is some shielding of the nucleus by the other electrons in the atom. (Section 7.2)
The arrangement of electrons in an atom or molecule. (Chapter 6:Introduction)
A voltaic cell that utilizes the oxidation of a conventional fuel, such as H2 or CH4, in the cell reaction. (Section 20.7)
The catalyst system and conditions of temperature and pressure developed by Fritz Haber and coworkers for the formation of NH3 from H2 and N2. (Section 15.2)
Members of group 7A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)
heat of fusion
The enthalpy change, ?H, for melting a solid. (Section 11.4)
A reaction in which an amino group is treated with excess methyl iodide, thereby converting it into an excellent leaving group, followed by treatment with a strong base to give an E2 reaction that yields an alkene.
Solvation when the solvent is water. (Section 13.1)
A type of carbocation rearrangement in which a methyl group migrates.
A compound containing a !C#N (cyano) group bonded to a carbon atom.
A complex mixture of undesirable substances produced by the action of sunlight on an urban atmosphere polluted with automobile emissions. The major starting ingredients are nitrogen oxides and organic substances, notably olefins and aldehydes. (Section 18.2)
A material that can be formed into particular shapes by application of heat and pressure. (Section 12.8)
The energy required to pair an electron with another electron occupying an orbital. (Section 23.6)
standard atomic weight
The weighted averages for each element, which takes into account isotopic abundance.
An element, such as nitrogen, that forms three bonds.