- 18.104.22.168.7: Why would you expect a packet of sugar to dissolve faster in hot te...
- 22.214.171.124.8: a. Explain how you would prepare a saturated solution of sugar in w...
- 126.96.36.199.9: Explain why ethanol will dissolve in water and carbon tetrachloride...
- 188.8.131.52.10: When a solute molecule is solvated, is energy released or absorbed?
- 184.108.40.206.11: If a warm bottle of soda and a cold bottle of soda are opened, whic...
- 220.127.116.11.12: predicting outcomes You get a small amount of lubricating oil on yo...
- 18.104.22.168.13: interpreting concepts A commercial fizz saver pumps helium under pr...
Solutions for Chapter 12.2: The SolutionProcess
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
Rainwater that has become excessively acidic because of absorption of pollutant oxides, notably SO3, produced by human activities. (Section 18.2)
The compound CH2"C"CH2. Any compound that contains adjacent carbon-carbon double bonds; that is, any molecule that contains a C"C"C functional group.
cholesteric liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal formed from flat, disc-shaped molecules that align through a stacking of the molecular discs. (Section 11.7)
A compound that reacts with a diene in a Diels-Alder reaction.
The attraction between the positive end of one dipole and the negative end of another.
Two mirror-image molecules of a chiral substance. The enantiomers are nonsuperimposable. (Section 23.4)
The energy released when 1 g of a substance is combusted. (Section 5.8)
The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)
law of constant composition
A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure compound is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of definite proportions. (Section 1.2)
Lewis symbol (electron-dot symbol)
The chemical symbol for an element, with a dot for each valence electron. (Section 8.1)
The electrophile in a Michael reaction.
In atomic and molecular orbitals, a location where the value of y is zero.
Compounds formed from a molecule of phosphoric acid, a sugar molecule, and an organic nitrogen base. Nucleotides form linear polymers called DNA and RNA, which are involved in protein synthesis and cell reproduction. (Section 24.10)
Order of precedence of functions
A ranking of functional groups in order of priority for the purposes of IUPAC nomenclature.
A compound that contains a carbon-metal bond.
The negative log in base 10 of the aquated hydrogen ion concentration: pH = -log3H+4. (Section 16.4)
A biopolymer formed from amino acids. (Section 24.7)
A process of reasoning backwards from a target molecule to a suitable set of starting materials.
root-mean-square (rms) speed 1M2
The square root of the average of the squared speeds of the gas molecules in a gas sample. (Section 10.7)
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)