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Solutions for Chapter 13.1: Compounds in Aqueous Solutions
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A type of rearrangement in which an atom or group of atoms with its bonding electrons moves from one atom to an adjacent electron-defi cient atom.
Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon double bonds. (Section 24.2)
A !CH2CH"CH2 group.
Carbohydrate derivatives in which an OH group has been replaced with an amino group.
A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics of males.
Streams of electrons that are produced when a high voltage is applied to electrodes in an evacuated tube. (Section 2.2)
A state of dynamic balance in which the rate of formation of the products of a reaction from the reactants equals the rate of formation of the reactants from the products; at equilibrium the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant. (Section 4.1;Chapter 15: Introduction)
A [3,3] sigmatropic rearrangement that is observed for allylic vinylic ethers.
A reaction characterized by the addition of two hydroxyl groups (OH) across an alkene.
Index of hydrogen defi ciency
The sum of the number of rings and p bonds in a molecule.
Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with alkali metals and also the heavier alkaline earths (Ca, Sr, and Ba); these compounds contain the hydride ion, H-. (Section 22.2)
A carbohydrate containing four to ten monosaccharide units, each joined to the next by a glycosidic bond.
A region of space that can hold two electrons
An intermediate with a positively charged oxygen atom.
In mass spectrometry,the ion that is generated when the compound is ionized.
Esterlike derivatives of phosphoric acid.
A biopolymer formed from amino acids. (Section 24.7)
solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2
An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)
For a chiral compound that is subjected to plane-polarized light, the observed rotation when a standard concentration (1 g/mL) and a standard path length (1 dm) are used.
The study of the energy of chemical structures.