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Solutions for Chapter 14.2: Acid-Base Theories

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 14.2: Acid-Base Theories

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. Since 3 problems in chapter 14.2: Acid-Base Theories have been answered, more than 14149 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 14.2: Acid-Base Theories includes 3 full step-by-step solutions. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acylium ion

    The resonancestabilized, cationic intermediate of a Friedel-Crafts acylation, formed by treating an acyl halide with aluminum trichloride.

  • adrenocortical hormones

    Hormones that are secreted by the cortex (the outer layer) of the adrenal glands. Adrenocortical hormones are typically characterized by a carbonyl group or hydroxyl group at C11 of the steroid skeleton.

  • amphoteric oxide.

    An oxide that exhibits both acidic and basic properties. (8.6)

  • Atactic polymer

    A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene

  • chemical bond

    A strong attractive force that exists between atoms in a molecule. (Section 8.1)

  • chemical kinetics

    The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (Chapter 14: Introduction)

  • chemical shift (d)

    In an NMR spectrum, the location of a signal, defined relative to the frequency of absorption of a reference compound, tetramethylsilane (TMS).

  • chromatogram

    In gas chromatography, a plot that identifies the retention time of each compound in the mixture.

  • common-ion effect

    A shift of an equilibrium induced by an ion common to the equilibrium. For example, added Na2SO4 decreases the solubility of the slightly soluble salt BaSO4, or added NaF decreases the percent ionization of HF. (Section 17.1)

  • Contributing structures

    Representations of a molecule or ion that differ only in the distribution of valence electrons.

  • electrocyclic reaction

    A pericyclic process in which a conjugated polyene undergoes cyclization. In the process, one p bond is converted into a s bond, while the remaining p bonds all change their location. The newly formed s bond joins the ends of the original p system,thereby creating a ring.

  • electronegativity

    A measure of the ability of an atom that is bonded to another atom to attract electrons to itself. (Section 8.4)

  • ionic compound

    A compound composed of cations and anions. (Section 2.7)

  • kinetic control

    A reaction for which the product distribution is determined by the relative rates at which the products are formed.

  • Oxonium ion

    An ion in which oxygen bears a positive charge.

  • percent ionization

    The percent of a substance that undergoes ionization on dissolution in water. The term applies to solutions of weak acids and bases. (Section 16.6)

  • Pro-R-hydrogen

    Replacing this hydrogen by deuterium gives a chiral center with an R confi guration

  • symmetry allowed

    A reaction that obeys conservation of orbital symmetry.

  • Terpene

    A compound whose carbon skeleton can be divided into two or more units identical with the carbon skeleton of isoprene

  • unsaturated

    A compound containingone or more p bonds.

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