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Solutions for Chapter 16.1: Thermochemistry
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
The conjugate base of acetylene or any terminal alkyne.
A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms react with a double bond, forming a compound with the two new groups bonded to the carbons of the original double bond.
An unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.
An addition reaction in which a hydrogen atom is installed at the more substituted vinylic position and another group (such as a halogen) is installed at the less substituted vinylic position.
At constant pressure and temperature, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas present. (5.3)
A liquid mixture of constant composition with a boiling point that is different from that of any of its components.
Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical reactions. (Section 1.3)
Properties that describe a substance’s composition and its reactivity; how the substance reacts or changes into other substances. (Section 1.3)
The metal ion and its surrounding ligands. (Section 23.2)
A bond in which two electrons are shared by two atoms. (9.4)
In bond-line structures, agroup going behind the page.
A term associatedwith the probability of finding an electron in aparticular region of space.
A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
Spin-spin coupling that occurs between nonequivalent H atoms bonded to the same C atom. The H atoms are generally nonequivalent owing to restricted bond rotation in the molecule
Finely powdered palladium metal deposited on solid calcium carbonate that has been specially modifi ed with lead salts. Its particular use is as a catalyst for the reduction of an alkyne to a cis alkene
The main fabricof cell membranes, assembled primarily fromphosphoglycerides.
metathesis (exchange) reaction
A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)
A compound containing a !C#N (cyano) group bonded to a carbon atom.
A process in which a substance loses one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)
An ether(R!O!R) where the two R groups are notidentical.
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