- 1.1.1: Explain what chemistry is.
- 1.1.2: Name six branches of study in chemistry.
- 1.1.3: Compare and contrast basic research, applied research, and technolo...
- 1.1.4: INFERRING RELATIONSHIPS Scientific and technological advances are c...
Solutions for Chapter 1.1: Chemistry Is a Physical Science
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.
In IR spectroscopy as well as UV-VIS spectroscopy, a plot that measures the percent transmittance or absorption as a function of frequency.
An organic compound containing the hydroxyl group —OH. (24.4)
beta (b) anomer
The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose, in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is cis to the CH2OH group.
The cycle that relates lattice energies of ionic compounds to ionization energies, electron affinities, heats of sublimation and formation, and bond enthalpies. (9.3)
The production of chlorine gas by the electrolysis of aqueous NaCl solution. (22.6)
First ionization potential
The energy needed to remove the most loosely held electron from an atom or molecule.
A law stating that the concentration of a gas in a solution, Sg, is proportional to the pressure of gas over the solution: Sg = kPg. (Section 13.3)
From the Greek, meaning water-loving.
localized lone pair
A lone pair thatis not participating in resonance.
A drawing style that is designed to show the conformation of a molecule.
The negative log in base 10 of the aquated hydrogen ion concentration: pH = -log3H+4. (Section 16.4)
Principle of microscopic reversibility
This principle states that the sequence of transition states and reactive intermediates in the mechanism of any reversible reaction must be the same, but in reverse order, for the reverse reaction as for the forward reaction
A substance produced in a chemical reaction; it appears to the right of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)
A characteristic that gives a sample of matter its unique identity. (Section 1.1)
sigma 1S2 bond
A covalent bond in which electron density is concentrated along the internuclear axis. (Section 9.6)
The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle. (Section 13.1)
sp3 Hybrid orbital
A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and three 2p atomic orbitals.
The carbon atoms of a carbon-carbon double bond.
A method for converting a carbonyl group into a methylene group (CH2) under basic conditions.
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