- 1.2.1: a. What is the main difference between physical properties and chem...
- 1.2.2: Classify each of the following as either a physical change or a che...
- 1.2.3: How do you decide whether a sample of matter is a solid, a liquid, ...
- 1.2.4: Contrast mixtures with pure substances.
- 1.2.5: ANALYZING INFORMATION Compare the composition of sucrose purified f...
Solutions for Chapter 1.2: Matter and Its Properties
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
activation energy (Ea)
The minimum energy needed for reaction; the height of the energy barrier to formation of products. (Section 14.5)
A conformation about a single bond in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 180°.
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of approximately 180°.
Streams of electrons that are produced when a high voltage is applied to electrodes in an evacuated tube. (Section 2.2)
The electrode at which reduction occurs. (18.2)
Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical reactions. (Section 1.3)
A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.
critical pressure (Pc).
The minimum pressure necessary to bring about liquefaction at the critical temperature. (11.8)
A solid that possesses rigid and long-range order; its atoms, molecules, or ions occupy specific positions. (11.4)
Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of each other; refers to relationships among two or more objects
A method of problem solving in which units are carried through all calculations. Dimensional analysis ensures that the final answer of a calculation has the desired units. (Section 1.6)
Incorporation of a hetero atom into a solid to change its electrical properties. For example, incorporation of P into Si. (Section 12.7)
A type of secondary structure of DNA molecules in which two anti parallel polynucleotide strands are coiled in a right-handed manner about the same axis
The charge on an atom in a polyatomic ion or molecule
free induction decay
In NMR spectroscopy, a complex signal which is a combination of all of the electrical impulses generated by each type of proton.
An atom or group of atoms that imparts characteristic chemical properties to an organic compound. (Section 24.1)
A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
The energy that an object possesses by virtue of its motion. (Section 5.1)
The arrangement in space of the atoms of a molecule. (Section 9.2)
The pH of blood (approximately 7.3).