- 18.1.1: What is meant by chemical equilibrium?
- 18.1.2: What is an equilibrium constant?
- 18.1.3: How does the value of an equilibrium constant relate to the relativ...
- 18.1.4: What is meant by a chemical equilibrium expression?
- 18.1.5: Hydrochloric acid, HCl, is a strong acid that dissociates completel...
- 18.1.6: Write the chemical equilibrium expression for the following reactio...
- 18.1.7: At equilibrium at 2500 K, [HCl] = 0.0625 mol/L and [H2] = [Cl2] = 0...
- 18.1.8: An equilibrium mixture at 425C is found to consist of 1.83 10-3 mol...
- 18.1.9: For the reaction H2(g) + I2(g) 2HI(g) at 425C, calculate [HI], give...
- 18.1.10: INFERRING RELATIONSHIPS Use the data from Experiment 1 in Figure1.4...
Solutions for Chapter 18.1: The Nature of Chemical Equilibrium
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)
A synthetic method that employs diethyl acetamidomalonate as the starting material and enables the preparation of racemic a-amino acids.
A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide
A substance that yields hydroxide ions (OH2) when dissolved in water. (2.7)
A low-energy molecular orbital resulting from the constructive interference between atomic orbitals.
A law stating that at constant pressure, the volume of a given quantity of gas is proportional to absolute temperature. (Section 10.3)
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using Zn(Hg) and HCl
The phenomenon of going from the gaseous state to the liquid state. (11.8)
degree of unsaturation
The absence of two hydrogen atoms associated with a ring or a p bond.
A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.
A reaction in which the enthalpy of the products is lower than that of the reactants; a reaction in which heat is released.
An acetal that is obtained by treating the cyclic hemiacetal form of a monosaccharide with an alcohol under acid-catalyzed conditions.
heterolytic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.
melt transition temperature (Tm)
The temperature at which the crystallineregions of a polymer become amorphous.
A vibrational molecular spectroscopy that is complementary to infrared (IR) spectroscopy in that infrared inactive vibrations are seen in Raman spectroscopy.
A measure of the decrease in concentration of a reactant or the increase in concentration of a product with time. (Section 14.2)
A process that can go back and forth between states along exactly the same path; a system at equilibrium is reversible if equilibrium can be shifted by an infinitesimal modification of a variable such as temperature. (Section 19.1)
A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is two.
A conformation about a carbon-carbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as far apart as possible from atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.
A polymer that can be molded when it is fi rst prepared, but once cooled, hardens irreversibly and cannot be remelted.
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