- 18.1.1: What is meant by chemical equilibrium?
- 18.1.2: What is an equilibrium constant?
- 18.1.3: How does the value of an equilibrium constant relate to the relativ...
- 18.1.4: What is meant by a chemical equilibrium expression?
- 18.1.5: Hydrochloric acid, HCl, is a strong acid that dissociates completel...
- 18.1.6: Write the chemical equilibrium expression for the following reactio...
- 18.1.7: At equilibrium at 2500 K, [HCl] = 0.0625 mol/L and [H2] = [Cl2] = 0...
- 18.1.8: An equilibrium mixture at 425C is found to consist of 1.83 10-3 mol...
- 18.1.9: For the reaction H2(g) + I2(g) 2HI(g) at 425C, calculate [HI], give...
- 18.1.10: INFERRING RELATIONSHIPS Use the data from Experiment 1 in Figure1.4...
Solutions for Chapter 18.1: The Nature of Chemical Equilibrium
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.
Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)
A nuclear decay process where a beta particle is emitted from the nucleus; also called beta decay. (Section 21.1)
A reaction that involves the addition of molecular hydrogen (H2) across a double bond in the presence of a metal catalyst.
A positively charged ion. (Section 2.7)
A law stating that at constant pressure, the volume of a given quantity of gas is proportional to absolute temperature. (Section 10.3)
Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical reactions. (Section 1.3)
deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA).
A type of nucleic acid. (25.4)
A type of secondary structure of DNA molecules in which two anti parallel polynucleotide strands are coiled in a right-handed manner about the same axis
A state of balance in which opposing processes occur at the same rate. (Section 11.5)
electrophilic aromatic substitution
A substitution reaction in which an aromatic proton is replaced by an electrophile and the aromatic moiety is preserved.
A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)
A reaction with water. When a cation or anion reacts with water, it changes the pH. (Sections 16.9 and 24.4)
melt transition temperature (Tm)
The temperature at which the crystallineregions of a polymer become amorphous.
A ligand that binds to the metal ion via a single donor atom. It occupies one position in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)
Reactions that occur via a concerted process and do not involve either ionic or radical intermediates.
The row of elements that lie in a horizontal row in the periodic table. (Section 2.5)
A six-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.
sp Hybrid orbitaL
A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and one 2p atomic orbital.
A reaction in which only one species is involved in the rate-determining step