- 18.1.1: What is meant by chemical equilibrium?
- 18.1.2: What is an equilibrium constant?
- 18.1.3: How does the value of an equilibrium constant relate to the relativ...
- 18.1.4: What is meant by a chemical equilibrium expression?
- 18.1.5: Hydrochloric acid, HCl, is a strong acid that dissociates completel...
- 18.1.6: Write the chemical equilibrium expression for the following reactio...
- 18.1.7: At equilibrium at 2500 K, [HCl] = 0.0625 mol/L and [H2] = [Cl2] = 0...
- 18.1.8: An equilibrium mixture at 425C is found to consist of 1.83 10-3 mol...
- 18.1.9: For the reaction H2(g) + I2(g) 2HI(g) at 425C, calculate [HI], give...
- 18.1.10: INFERRING RELATIONSHIPS Use the data from Experiment 1 in Figure1.4...
Solutions for Chapter 18.1: The Nature of Chemical Equilibrium
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
The Group 1A elements (Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr). (2.4)
Next to a carbon-carbon double bond.
antibonding molecular orbital.
A molecular orbital that is of higher energy and lower stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)
A unit of pressure equal to 760 torr; 1 atm = 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2) atom The smallest representative particle of an element. (Sections 1.1 and 2.1)
A three-dimensional plot of y2 of a wavefunction. It is a region of space that can accommodate electron density.
A measure of the degree to which the electrons are shared unequally between two atoms in a chemical bond. (Section 8.4)
A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton acceptor. (Section 16.2)
A step in a chain reaction that involves destruction of reactive intermediates
A state in which the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are equal. (14.1)
Theresulting net attraction between two dipoles.
electron impact ionization (EI)
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique that involves bombarding a compoundwith high-energy electrons.
The ability to do work.
The gradual decrease in atomic and ionic radii with increasing atomic number among the lanthanide elements, atomic numbers 57 through 70. The decrease arises because of a gradual increase in effective nuclear charge through the lanthanide series. (Section 23.1)
An effect thatprevents the use of bases stronger than hydroxidewhen the solvent is water.
A back-to-back arrangement of phospholipid monolayers, often forming a closed vesicle or membrane.
For a peptide chain,the end that contains the amino group.
overall reaction order
The sum of the reaction orders of all the reactants appearing in the rate expression when the rate can be expressed as rate = k3A4a 3B4b... . (Section 14.3)
The process that occurs in plant leaves by which light energy is used to convert carbon dioxide and water to carbohydrates and oxygen. (Section 23.3)
The sequence of amino acids along a protein chain. (Section 24.7)
In nomenclature, the groups connected to the parent chain.