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Solutions for Chapter 18.2: Shifting Equilibrium

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 18.2: Shifting Equilibrium

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. Chapter 18.2: Shifting Equilibrium includes 6 full step-by-step solutions. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. Since 6 problems in chapter 18.2: Shifting Equilibrium have been answered, more than 54867 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Acyl group

    An RCO! or ArCO! group.

  • alkanes.

    Hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n12, where n 5 1,2, . . . . (24.2)

  • Allyl

    A !CH2CH"CH2 group.

  • Allylic carbocation

    A carbocation in which an allylic carbon bears the positive charge.

  • axial position

    For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is parallel to a vertical axis passing through the center of the ring.

  • carboxylic acid

    A compound that contains the ¬COOH functional group. (Sections 16.10 and 24.4)

  • chemical kinetics

    The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (Chapter 14: Introduction)

  • Claisen condensation

    A nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction in which the nucleophile is an ester enolate and the electrophile is an ester.

  • diagonal relationship.

    Similarities between pairs of elements in different groups and periods of the periodic table. (8.6)

  • dispersion forces

    Intermolecular forces resulting from attractions between induced dipoles. Also called London dispersion forces. (Section 11.2)

  • hard water

    Water that contains appreciable concentrations of Ca2 + and Mg 2 + ; these ions react with soaps to form an insoluble material. (Section 18.4)

  • Hofmann elimination

    A reaction in which an amino group is treated with excess methyl iodide, thereby converting it into an excellent leaving group, followed by treatment with a strong base to give an E2 reaction that yields an alkene.

  • imidazole

    A compound containing a five-membered ring that is similar to pyrrole but has one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.

  • mole

    A collection of Avogadro’s number 16.022 * 10232 of objects; for example, a mole of H2O is 6.022 * 1023 H2O molecules. (Section 3.4)

  • nuclear binding energy

    The energy required to decompose an atomic nucleus into its component protons and neutrons. (Section 21.6)

  • Oil

    When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature

  • proton

    A positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 2.3)

  • rate-determining step

    The sloweststep in a multistep reaction which determines the rate of the reaction.

  • torsional strain

    The difference in energy between staggered and eclipsed conformations (for example, in ethane).

  • Vibrational infrared region

    A common type of spin-spin coupling involving the H atoms on two C atoms that are bonded to each other.

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