- 18.2.1: Name three ways the chemical equilibrium can be disturbed.
- 18.2.2: Describe three situations in which ionic reactions go to completion.
- 18.2.3: Describe the common-ion effect.
- 18.2.4: Identify the common ion in each of the following situations. a. 5 g...
- 18.2.5: Predict the effect that decreasing pressure would have on each of t...
- 18.2.6: predicting outcomes Carbon dioxide and water react to form bicarbon...
Solutions for Chapter 18.2: Shifting Equilibrium
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
An RCO! or ArCO! group.
Hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n12, where n 5 1,2, . . . . (24.2)
A !CH2CH"CH2 group.
A carbocation in which an allylic carbon bears the positive charge.
For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is parallel to a vertical axis passing through the center of the ring.
A compound that contains the ¬COOH functional group. (Sections 16.10 and 24.4)
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (Chapter 14: Introduction)
A nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction in which the nucleophile is an ester enolate and the electrophile is an ester.
Similarities between pairs of elements in different groups and periods of the periodic table. (8.6)
Intermolecular forces resulting from attractions between induced dipoles. Also called London dispersion forces. (Section 11.2)
Water that contains appreciable concentrations of Ca2 + and Mg 2 + ; these ions react with soaps to form an insoluble material. (Section 18.4)
A reaction in which an amino group is treated with excess methyl iodide, thereby converting it into an excellent leaving group, followed by treatment with a strong base to give an E2 reaction that yields an alkene.
A compound containing a five-membered ring that is similar to pyrrole but has one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.
A collection of Avogadro’s number 16.022 * 10232 of objects; for example, a mole of H2O is 6.022 * 1023 H2O molecules. (Section 3.4)
nuclear binding energy
The energy required to decompose an atomic nucleus into its component protons and neutrons. (Section 21.6)
When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature
A positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 2.3)
The sloweststep in a multistep reaction which determines the rate of the reaction.
The difference in energy between staggered and eclipsed conformations (for example, in ethane).
Vibrational infrared region
A common type of spin-spin coupling involving the H atoms on two C atoms that are bonded to each other.