- 18.4.1: What is a solubility product constant? How are such constants deter...
- 18.4.2: How are solubility product constants used to calculate solubilities?
- 18.4.3: What is an ion product?
- 18.4.4: How are calculations to predict possible precipitation carried out?
- 18.4.5: What is the value of Ksp for Ag2SO4 if 5.40 g is soluble in 1.00 L ...
- 18.4.6: Determine whether a precipitate will form if 20.0 mL of 1.00 10-7 M...
- 18.4.7: analyzing data A solution is 0.20 M in each of the following: Ca(NO...
Solutions for Chapter 18.4: Solubility Equilibrium
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
activated complex (transition state)
The particular arrangement of atoms found at the top of the potential-energy barrier as a reaction proceeds from reactants to products. (Section 14.5)
The species temporarily formed by the reactant molecules as a result of the collision before they form the product. (13.4)
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on adjacent sites point in opposite directions and cancel each other’s effects. (Section 23.1)
A term used to classify benzene and its derivatives.
A polydentate ligand that is capable of occupying two or more sites in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)
A notation that uses chemical symbols with numerical subscripts to convey the relative proportions of atoms of the different elements in a substance. (Section 2.6)
The highest temperature at which it is possible to convert the gaseous form of a substance to a liquid. The critical temperature increases with an increase in the magnitude of intermolecular forces. (Section 11.4)
A material that, when stretched or otherwise distorted, returns to its original shape when the distorting force is released.
In an exothermic process the transition state is closer in energy to the reactants than to the products, and therefore the structure of the transition state more closely resembles the reactants. In contrast, the transition state in an endothermic process is closer in energy to the products, and therefore the transition state more closely resembles the products.
A hydrogen atom with two electrons in its valence shell; H:!
A functional group in which two acyl groups, RCO! or ArCO!, are bonded to a nitrogen atom
Refers to a substance that rotates the plane of polarized light to the left.
An abbreviated way to draw structural formulas in which vertices and line endings represent carbons
A back-to-back arrangement of phospholipid monolayers, often forming a closed vesicle or membrane.
A reagent used for allylic bromination to avoid a competing reaction in which bromine adds across the p bond.
The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.
An alternative way to describe electromagnetic radiation as a stream of particles
An instrument for measuring the ability of a compound to rotate the plane of plane-polarized light.
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
A polynucleotide in which ribose is the sugar component. (Section 24.10)
A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.
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