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Solutions for Chapter 18: Chemical Equilibrium

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 18: Chemical Equilibrium

Solutions for Chapter 18
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Textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012
Edition: 1
Author: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis
ISBN: 9780547586632

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 52 problems in chapter 18: Chemical Equilibrium have been answered, more than 55460 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 18: Chemical Equilibrium includes 52 full step-by-step solutions. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • autocatalytic

    A reaction for which the reagent necessary to catalyze the reaction is produced by the reaction itself.

  • auxochrome

    When applying Woodward-Fieser rules, the groups attached to the chromophore.

  • bond enthalpy

    The enthalpy change, ?H, required to break a particular bond when the substance is in the gas phase. (Section 8.8)

  • complex ion (complex)

    An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases (ligands) bonded to it. (Section 17.5)

  • conversion factor

    A ratio relating the same quantity in two systems of units that is used to convert the units of measurement. (Section 1.6)

  • coordination number.

    In a crystal lattice it is defined as the number of atoms (or ions) surrounding an atom (or ion) (11.4). In coordination compounds it is defined as the number of donor atoms surrounding the central metal atom in a complex. (23.3)

  • enantiotopic

    Protons that are not interchangeable by rotational symmetry but are interchangeable by reflectional symmetry.

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • hydrophobic

    Water repelling. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)

  • Lipid

    A biomolecule isolated from plant or animal sources by extraction with nonpolar organic solvents, such as diethyl ether and hexane.

  • metallic elements (metals)

    Elements that are usually solids at room temperature, exhibit high electrical and heat conductivity, and appear lustrous. Most of the elements in the periodic table are metals. (Sections 2.5 and 12.1)

  • nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)

    A form of spectroscopy that involves the study of the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and the nuclei of atoms.

  • nucleic acids

    Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)

  • peptide bond

    The amide linkage by which two amino acids are coupled together to form peptides.

  • Polar covalent bond

    A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is between approximately 0.5 and 1.9.

  • pyranose ring

    A six-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.

  • representative (main-group) element

    An element from within the s and p blocks of the periodic table (Figure 6.29). (Section 6.9)

  • Robinson annulation

    The combination of a Michael addition followed by an aldol condensation to form a ring.

  • sp2 Hybrid orbital

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and two 2p atomic orbitals.

  • stretching

    In IR spectroscopy, atype of vibration that generally produces a signal in the diagnostic region of an IR spectrum.

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