Solutions for Chapter 18: Chemical Equilibrium

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 18: Chemical Equilibrium

Solutions for Chapter 18
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Textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012
Edition: 1
Author: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis
ISBN: 9780547586632

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 52 problems in chapter 18: Chemical Equilibrium have been answered, more than 24337 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 18: Chemical Equilibrium includes 52 full step-by-step solutions. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acidic cleavage

    A reaction in which bonds are broken in the presence of an acid. For example, in the presence of a strong acid, an ether is converted into two alkyl halides.

  • alkyl group

    A group that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane. (Section 25.3)

  • Angle strain

    The strain that arises when a bond angle is either compressed or expanded compared to its optimal value.

  • angstrom

    A common non-SI unit of length, denoted Å, that is used to measure atomic dimensions: 1Å = 10-10 m. (Section 2.3)

  • Avogadro’s number (NA)

    The number of 12C atoms in exactly 12 g of 12C; it equals 6.022 * 1023 mol-1. (Section 3.4)

  • cellular respiration

    A process by which molecular oxygen is used to convert food into CO2, water, and energy.

  • Conjugate addition

    Addition of a nucleophile to the b-carbon of an a,b-unsaturated carbonyl compound. (Section 20.2A) Addition to carbons 1 and 4 of a conjugated diene.

  • copolymer

    A polymer that is constructed from more than one repeating unit.

  • electron density

    The probability of finding an electron at any particular point in an atom; this probability is equal to c2, the square of the wave function. Also called the probability density. (Section 6.5)

  • Energy diagram

    A graph showing the changes in energy that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis, and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis. Also called a reaction coordinate diagram

  • hydrate

    A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH) connected to the same carbon atom.

  • Imide

    A functional group in which two acyl groups, RCO! or ArCO!, are bonded to a nitrogen atom

  • kinetic energy

    The energy that an object possesses by virtue of its motion. (Section 5.1)

  • Lewis symbol (electron-dot symbol)

    The chemical symbol for an element, with a dot for each valence electron. (Section 8.1)

  • Markovnikov’s rule

    In the addition of HX, H2O, or ROH to an alkene, hydrogen adds to the carbon of the double bond having the greater number of hydrogens.

  • Melt transition (Tm)

    The temperature at which crystalline regions of a polymer melt.

  • oxyanion

    A polyatomic anion that contains one or more oxygen atoms. (Section 2.8)

  • Oxymercuration-reduction

    A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with mercury(II) acetate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride.

  • pi (p) bond

    A bond formed from adjacent, overlapping p orbitals.

  • Restriction endonuclease

    An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a particular phosphodiester bond within a DNA strand.

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