- 19.1.1: How are oxidation numbers assigned?
- 19.1.2: Label each of the following half-reactions as either an oxidation o...
- 19.1.3: Which of the following equations represent redox reactions? a. 2KNO...
- 19.1.4: For each redox equation identified in the previous question, determ...
- 19.1.5: ANALYZING INFORMATION Use the following equations for the redox rea...
Solutions for Chapter 19.1: Oxidation and Reduction
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A type of rearrangement in which an atom or group of atoms with its bonding electrons moves from one atom to an adjacent electron-defi cient atom.
alkaline earth metals
Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
basic oxide (basic anhydride)
An oxide that either reacts with water to form a base or reacts with an acid to form a salt and water. (Section 22.5)
A carbon atom that is immediately adjacent to a benzene ring.
Polymerization in which molecules are joined together through condensation reactions. (Section 12.8)
Representations of a molecule or ion that differ only in the distribution of valence electrons.
All nonvalence electrons in an atom. (8.2)
Having the same energy.
A measure of the ability of an atom that is bonded to another atom to attract electrons to itself. (Section 8.4)
The numerical value of the equilibrium-constant expression for a system at equilibrium. The equilibrium constant is most usually denoted by Kp for gas-phase systems or Kc for solution-phase systems. (Section 15.2)
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen. (Section 2.9)
A reaction with water. When a cation or anion reacts with water, it changes the pH. (Sections 16.9 and 24.4)
Electrically charged atom or group of atoms (polyatomic ion); ions can be positively or negatively charged, depending on whether electrons are lost (positive) or gained (negative) by the atoms. (Section 2.7)
A reaction for which the product distribution is determined by the relative rates at which the products are formed.
A compound that does not rotate plane-polarized light.
A high-energy species formed between two successive reaction steps, that lies in an energy minimum between the two transition states
sigma 1S2 molecular orbital
A molecular orbital that centers the electron density about an imaginary line passing through two nuclei. (Section 9.7)
A term used to indicate that exactly three alkyl groups are attached directly to a particular position. For example, a tertiary carbocation has three alkyl groups attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).
The right side of an NMRspectrum.
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)
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