- 19.3.1: Describe the chemical activity of the alkali metals and of the halo...
- 19.3.2: The photo on the right depicts two redox reactions. Both nails are ...
- 19.3.3: Would Cl2 be reduced by I ? Explain.
- 19.3.4: Which is the stronger oxidizing agent in each of the following pair...
- 19.3.5: What is meant by disproportionation?
- 19.3.6: organizing ideas In general, where in the periodic table are the el...
Solutions for Chapter 19.3: Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
The closeness of a measurement to the true value of the quantity that is measured. (1.8)
The amount of product actually obtained in a reaction. (3.10)
An OR group.
A conformation about a single bond in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 180°.
A compound that delivers the elements of a carbene without actually producing a free carbene.
cholesteric liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal formed from flat, disc-shaped molecules that align through a stacking of the molecular discs. (Section 11.7)
common ion effect.
The shift in equilibrium caused by the addition of a compound having an ion in common with the dissolved substances. (16.2)
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
A polynucleotide in which the sugar component is deoxyribose. (Section 24.10)
A compound that rotates plane-polarized light in a clockwise direction (+).
A material that can undergo a substantial change in shape via stretching, bending, or compression and return to its original shape upon release of the distorting force. (Section 12.6)
A twodimensional representation of a molecule; in these projections, groups on the right and left are by convention in front, while those at the top and bottom are to the rear.
Gibbs free energy change (DG°)
The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.
An instrument used to measure the precise masses and relative amounts of atomic and molecular ions. (Section 2.4)
The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.
Principle of microscopic reversibility
This principle states that the sequence of transition states and reactive intermediates in the mechanism of any reversible reaction must be the same, but in reverse order, for the reverse reaction as for the forward reaction
A constant of proportionality between the reaction rate and the concentrations of reactants that appear in the rate law. (Section 14.3)
The difference in energy between a resonance hybrid and the most stable of its hypothetical contributing structures in which electrons are localized on particular atoms and in particular bonds.
A measure of the salt content of seawater, brine, or brackish water. It is equal to the mass in grams of dissolved salts present in 1 kg of seawater. (Section 18.3)
Tertiary structure of proteins
The three-dimensional arrangement in space of all atoms in a single polypeptide chain.
A compound that contains two SR groups, both of which are connected to the same carbon atom.
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