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Solutions for Chapter 20.1: Introduction to Electrochemistry

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 20.1: Introduction to Electrochemistry

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. Since 4 problems in chapter 20.1: Introduction to Electrochemistry have been answered, more than 46491 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 20.1: Introduction to Electrochemistry includes 4 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkynes

    Compounds containing a carbon-carbon triple bond.

  • allylic bromination

    A radical reaction that achieves installation of a bromine atom at an allylic position.

  • Avogadro’s number (NA)

    The number of 12C atoms in exactly 12 g of 12C; it equals 6.022 * 1023 mol-1. (Section 3.4)

  • Chair conformation

    The most stable nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring; all bond angles are approximately 109.5°, and all bonds on adjacent carbons are staggered.

  • conjugate acid

    In an acid-base reaction, the product that results when a base is protonated.

  • conjugated

    A compound in which two p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.

  • Edman degradatio

    A method for selectively cleaving and identifying the N-terminal amino acid of a polypeptide chain.

  • electron density

    The probability of finding an electron at any particular point in an atom; this probability is equal to c2, the square of the wave function. Also called the probability density. (Section 6.5)

  • Fluid-mosaic model

    A biological membrane that consists of a phospholipid bilayer with proteins, carbohydrates, and other lipids on the surface and embedded in the bilayer

  • gas constant (R)

    The constant of proportionality in the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)

  • Gibbs free energy change (DG°)

    The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.

  • Homolytic bond cleavage

    Cleavage of a bond so that each fragment retains one electron; formation of radicals.

  • levorotatory, or merely levo or l

    A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the left (counterclockwise). (Section 24.4)

  • mass defect

    The difference between the mass of a nucleus and the total masses of the individual nucleons that it contains. (Section 21.6)

  • Meso compound

    An achiral compound possessing two or more chiral centers that also has chiral isomers

  • optically pure

    A solution containing just one enantiomer, but not its mirror image.

  • polycarbonates

    Polymers that are similar in structure to polyesters but with repeating carbonate groups (!O!CO2!) instead of repeating ester groups (!CO2!). polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

  • Principle of microscopic reversibility

    This principle states that the sequence of transition states and reactive intermediates in the mechanism of any reversible reaction must be the same, but in reverse order, for the reverse reaction as for the forward reaction

  • reaction rate

    A measure of the decrease in concentration of a reactant or the increase in concentration of a product with time. (Section 14.2)

  • saturated solution

    A solution in which undissolved solute and dissolved solute are in equilibrium. (Section 13.2)

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