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Solutions for Chapter 21.1: The Nucleus

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 21.1: The Nucleus

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 21.1: The Nucleus includes 4 full step-by-step solutions. Since 4 problems in chapter 21.1: The Nucleus have been answered, more than 13976 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Angle strain

    The strain that arises when a bond angle is either compressed or expanded compared to its optimal value.

  • b-Elimination

    A reaction in which a molecule, such as HCl, HBr, HI, or HOH, is split out or eliminated from adjacent carbons

  • Benzyl group (C6H5CH2!)

    The group derived from toluene by removing a hydrogen from its methyl group.

  • Born-Haber cycle.

    The cycle that relates lattice energies of ionic compounds to ionization energies, electron affinities, heats of sublimation and formation, and bond enthalpies. (9.3)

  • coordination-sphere isomers

    Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which the ligands within the coordination sphere differ. (Section 23.4)

  • dash

    In bond-line structures, agroup going behind the page.

  • electrophilic aromatic substitution

    A substitution reaction in which an aromatic proton is replaced by an electrophile and the aromatic moiety is preserved.

  • equivalence point

    The point in a titration at which the added solute reacts completely with the solute present in the solution. (Section 4.6)

  • Hydrophobic effect

    The tendency of nonpolar groups to cluster so as to shield them from contact with an aqueous environment.

  • isoelectric point (pI)

    For an amino acid, the specific pH at which the concentration of the zwitterionic form reaches its maximum value.

  • isotopes

    Atoms of the same element containing different numbers of neutrons and therefore having different masses. (Section 2.3)

  • nitrosonium ion

    The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.

  • oxyacid

    A compound in which one or more OH groups, and possibly additional oxygen atoms, are bonded to a central atom. (Section 16.10)

  • Para (p)

    Refers to groups occupying l,4-positions on a benzene ring

  • Pericyclic reaction

    A reaction that takes place in a single step, without intermediates, and involves a cyclic redistribution of bonding electrons

  • petroleum

    A naturally occurring combustible liquid composed of hundreds of hydrocarbons and other organic compounds. (Section 5.8)

  • reduction

    A process in which a substance gains one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)

  • Restriction endonuclease

    An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a particular phosphodiester bond within a DNA strand.

  • VSEPR theory

    Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.

  • Wolff-Kishner reduction

    A method for converting a carbonyl group into a methylene group (CH2) under basic conditions.

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