- 21.1.1: Define mass defect.
- 21.1.2: How is nuclear stability related to the neutron- proton ratio?
- 21.1.3: Complete and balance the following nuclear equations: a. 75 187 Re ...
- 21.1.4: INTERPRETING GRAPHICS Examine Figure 1.2, and predict whether 39 Li...
Solutions for Chapter 21.1: The Nucleus
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
The strain that arises when a bond angle is either compressed or expanded compared to its optimal value.
A reaction in which a molecule, such as HCl, HBr, HI, or HOH, is split out or eliminated from adjacent carbons
Benzyl group (C6H5CH2!)
The group derived from toluene by removing a hydrogen from its methyl group.
The cycle that relates lattice energies of ionic compounds to ionization energies, electron affinities, heats of sublimation and formation, and bond enthalpies. (9.3)
Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which the ligands within the coordination sphere differ. (Section 23.4)
In bond-line structures, agroup going behind the page.
electrophilic aromatic substitution
A substitution reaction in which an aromatic proton is replaced by an electrophile and the aromatic moiety is preserved.
The point in a titration at which the added solute reacts completely with the solute present in the solution. (Section 4.6)
The tendency of nonpolar groups to cluster so as to shield them from contact with an aqueous environment.
isoelectric point (pI)
For an amino acid, the specific pH at which the concentration of the zwitterionic form reaches its maximum value.
Atoms of the same element containing different numbers of neutrons and therefore having different masses. (Section 2.3)
The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.
A compound in which one or more OH groups, and possibly additional oxygen atoms, are bonded to a central atom. (Section 16.10)
Refers to groups occupying l,4-positions on a benzene ring
A reaction that takes place in a single step, without intermediates, and involves a cyclic redistribution of bonding electrons
A naturally occurring combustible liquid composed of hundreds of hydrocarbons and other organic compounds. (Section 5.8)
A process in which a substance gains one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a particular phosphodiester bond within a DNA strand.
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.
A method for converting a carbonyl group into a methylene group (CH2) under basic conditions.
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