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Solutions for Chapter 21.3: Nuclear Radiation

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 21.3: Nuclear Radiation

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. Chapter 21.3: Nuclear Radiation includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. Since 5 problems in chapter 21.3: Nuclear Radiation have been answered, more than 14143 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • aliphatic hydrocarbons.

    Hydrocarbons that do not contain the benzene group or the benzene ring. (24.1)

  • Brønsted–Lowry base

    A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton acceptor. (Section 16.2)

  • chemical nomenclature

    The rules used in naming substances. (Section 2.8)

  • condensation polymerization

    Polymerization in which molecules are joined together through condensation reactions. (Section 12.8)

  • constructive interference

    When two waves interact with each other in a way that produces a wave with a larger amplitude.

  • Dalton’s law of partial pressures.

    The total pressure of a mixture of gases is just the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (5.6)

  • divalent

    An element that forms two bonds, such as oxygen.

  • Frequency

    The number of full cycles of a wave that pass a given point in a second, and reported in hertz (Hz), which has the units s21

  • Hofmann rule

    Any b-elimination that occurs preferentially to give the less substituted alkene as the major product.

  • Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.

  • levorotatory

    A compound thatrotates plane-polarized light in a counterclockwisedirection (-).

  • natural gas

    A naturally occurring mixture of gaseous hydrocarbon compounds composed of hydrogen and carbon. (Section 5.8)

  • orbital

    An allowed energy state of an electron in the quantum mechanical model of the atom; the term orbital is also used to describe the spatial distribution of the electron. An orbital is defined by the values of three quantum numbers: n, l, and ml (Section 6.5)

  • polydentate ligand

    A ligand in which two or more donor atoms can coordinate to the same metal ion. (Section 23.3)

  • positron

    A particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, 0 +1e, or b+. (Section 21.1)

  • precision

    The closeness of agreement among several measurements of the same quantity; the reproducibility of a measurement. (Section 1.5)

  • solution

    A mixture of substances that has a uniform composition; a homogeneous mixture. (Section 1.2)

  • Step-growth polymerization

    A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers as, for example, between adipic acid and hexamethylenediamine to form nylon 66. Also called condensation polymerization.

  • Tautomers

    Constitutional isomers in equilibrium with each other that differ in the location of a hydrogen atom and a double bond relative to a heteroatom, most commonly O, N, or S.

  • torsional strain

    The difference in energy between staggered and eclipsed conformations (for example, in ethane).

Textbook Survival Guides

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