- 21.3.1: What is required to shield alpha particles? Why are these materials...
- 21.3.2: a. What is the average exposure of people living in the United Stat...
- 21.3.3: What device is used to measure the radiation exposure of people wor...
- 21.3.4: Explain why nuclear radiation can be used to preserve food.
- 21.3.5: INFERRING CONCLUSIONS Explain how nuclear waste is contained, store...
Solutions for Chapter 21.3: Nuclear Radiation
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
The product formed when the !CHO group of an aldose is oxidized to a !COOH group
Compounds of carbon and hydrogen containing only carbon–carbon single bonds. (Sections 2.9 and 24.2)
Hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds. They have the general formula CnH2n, where n 5 2,3, . . . . (24.2)
Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.
A unit of pressure equal to 760 torr; 1 atm = 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2) atom The smallest representative particle of an element. (Sections 1.1 and 2.1)
For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is parallel to a vertical axis passing through the center of the ring.
A separation method involving passing a vapor or solution mixture through a column packed with a material with different affi nities for different components of the mixture.
The intermolecular attraction between like molecules. (11.3)
A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.
The process of preparing a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated one by adding solvent. (Section 4.5)
The use of electrolysis to reduce or refine metals. (Section 20.9)
A lithium dialkyl cuprate (R2CuLi).
The vectors a, b, and c that define a crystal lattice. The position of any lattice point in a crystal can be represented by summing integer multiples of the lattice vectors. (Section 12.2)
The electrophile in a Michael reaction.
Liquids that mix in all proportions. (Section 13.3)
The pressure exerted by a particular gas in a mixture. (Section 10.6)
A chain comprised of a small number of amino acid residues.
A device that measures the rotation of plane-polarized light caused by optically active compounds.
An interaction in which nuclear spins of adjacent atoms infl uence each other and lead to the spitting of NMR signals.
standard emf, also called the standard cell potential 1E°2
The emf of a cell when all reagents are at standard conditions. (Section 20.4)