- 21.4.1: Distinguish between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion.
- 21.4.2: Define chain reaction.
- 21.4.3: List the five main components of a nuclear power plant.
- 21.4.4: RELATING IDEAS Explain how fusion is one of our sources of energy.
Solutions for Chapter 21.4: Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fusion
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
aldol addition reaction
A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.
A compound containing a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals with 4n+2p electrons.
Energetic electrons emitted from the nucleus, symbol 0-1e or b-. (Section 21.1)
The rules used in naming substances. (Section 2.8)
The production of chlorine gas by the electrolysis of aqueous NaCl solution. (22.6)
A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)
A voltaic cell containing the same electrolyte and the same electrode materials in both the anode and cathode compartments. The emf of the cell is derived from a difference in the concentrations of the same electrolyte solutions in the compartments. (Section 20.6)
A unit of measure fordipole moments, where 1 debye = 10-18 esu×cm.
The arrangement of electrons in an atom or molecule. (Chapter 6:Introduction)
The capacity to do work or to transfer heat. (Section 5.1)
Lanthanide and actinide elements in which the 4f or 5f orbitals are partially occupied. (Section 6.9)
A lithium dialkyl cuprate (R2CuLi).
The heat evolved in a given process can be expressed as the sum of the heats of several processes that, when added, yield the process of interest. (Section 5.6)
A structure corresponding to a local minimum (valley) in an energy diagram.
levorotatory, or merely levo or l
A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the left (counterclockwise). (Section 24.4)
nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.
The very small, very dense, positively charged portion of an atom; it is composed of protons and neutrons. (Section 2.2)
The sign of the wave function at particular coordinates in space, either plus or minus. Phasing is often represented by colors, such as red or blue
The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle. (Section 13.1)
A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.