- 21.4.1: Distinguish between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion.
- 21.4.2: Define chain reaction.
- 21.4.3: List the five main components of a nuclear power plant.
- 21.4.4: RELATING IDEAS Explain how fusion is one of our sources of energy.
Solutions for Chapter 21.4: Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fusion
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A compound containing a Br group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.
A step in a chain reaction characterized by the formation of reactive intermediates (radicals, anions, or cations) from nonradical or noncharged molecules
coordinate covalent bond.
A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)
A bond in which two electrons are shared by two atoms. (9.4)
An ionic compound that is formed upon treatment of a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.
A compound with the structure R!S!S!R.
The negative charge carried by an electron; it has a magnitude of 1.602 * 10-19 C. (Section 2.3)
Two mirror-image molecules of a chiral substance. The enantiomers are nonsuperimposable. (Section 23.4)
The resonance-stabilized conjugate base of a ketone, aldehyde, or ester.
Gibbs free energy (G)
The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.
A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) and an alkoxy group (OR) connected to the same carbon atom.
A type of carbocation rearrangement that involves the migration of a hydride ion (H-).
Water attracting. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)
Lewis symbol (electron-dot symbol)
The chemical symbol for an element, with a dot for each valence electron. (Section 8.1)
A plot of the relative abundance of ions versus their mass-to-charge ratio
The breaking of a molecule into two or more neutral fragments as a result of absorption of light. (Section 18.2)
A nuclear decay process where a positron, a particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, symbol 0+1e, or b+ is emitted from the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
A chemical entity with an unpaired electron.
Secondary structure of nucleic acids
The ordered arrangement of nucleic acid strands
Sigma (s) molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated between two nuclei, along the axis joining them, and is cylindrically symmetrical
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