Solutions for Chapter 22.3: Functional Groups

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 22.3: Functional Groups

Chapter 22.3: Functional Groups includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. Since 5 problems in chapter 22.3: Functional Groups have been answered, more than 24007 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aprotic solvent

    A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide

  • atmospheric pressure.

    The pressure exerted by Earth’s atmosphere. (5.2)

  • atomic orbital.

    The wave function (?) of an electron in an atom. (7.5)

  • atomic radius.

    One-half the distance between the two nuclei in two adjacent atoms of the same element in a metal. For elements that exist as diatomic units, the atomic radius is one-half the distance between the nuclei of the two atoms in a particular molecule. (8.3)

  • Bicycloalkane

    An alkane containing two rings that share two carbons

  • Deactivating group

    Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be lower than that for benzene.

  • degree of substitution

    For alkenes, a classification method that refers to the number of alkyl groups connected to the double bond.

  • effusion

    The escape of a gas through an orifice or hole. (Section 10.8)

  • first-order reaction

    A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)

  • hyperconjugation

    An effect that explains why alkyl groups stabilize a carbocation.

  • Lewis structures

    A drawing style inwhich the electrons take center stage.linear polymer (Sect. 27.6): A polymer thathas only a minimal amount of branching or nobranching at all.

  • particle accelerator

    A device that uses strong magnetic and electrostatic fields to accelerate charged particles. (Section 21.3)

  • phospholipid

    A form of lipid molecule that contains charged phosphate groups. (Section 24.9)

  • physiological pH

    The pH of blood (approximately 7.3).

  • R,S System

    A set of rules for specifying absolute confi guration about a chiral center; also called the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog system

  • Racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of two enantiomers.

  • singlet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of only one peak.

  • spin-pairing energy

    The energy required to pair an electron with another electron occupying an orbital. (Section 23.6)

  • Tertiary structure of nucleic acids

    The threedimensional arrangement of all atoms of a nucleic acid, commonly referred to as supercoiling

  • wavenumber

    In IR spectroscopy, the location of each signal is reported in terms of this frequency-related unit.

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