- 22.3.1: Give the general formula and class of organic compounds for each of...
- 22.3.2: Compare the boiling points of alcohols, ethers, and alkanes, and ex...
- 22.3.3: How are aldehydes and ketones alike? How are they different?
- 22.3.4: How do the strengths of organic acids compare with the strengths of...
- 22.3.5: applying models Identify the functional groups in vanillin, shown i...
Solutions for Chapter 22.3: Functional Groups
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
Elements that have incompletely filled 5f subshells or readily give rise to cations that have incompletely filled 5f subshells. (7.9)
A compound containing an !OH (hydroxyl) group bonded to a carbon atom
A group that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane. (Section 25.3)
Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.
A conformation in which the dihedral angle between two groups is 180°.
An addition reaction in which a hydrogen atom is installed at the more substituted vinylic position and another group (such as a halogen) is installed at the less substituted vinylic position.
antibonding molecular orbital.
A molecular orbital that is of higher energy and lower stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)
Chemical shift (d)
The shift in parts per million of an NMR signal relative to the signal of TMS
A compound containing a Cl group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.
complex ion (complex)
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases (ligands) bonded to it. (Section 17.5)
A material that can undergo a substantial change in shape via stretching, bending, or compression and return to its original shape upon release of the distorting force. (Section 12.6)
A device in which a nonspontaneous oxidation–reduction reaction is caused to occur by passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. (Section 20.9)
The number of times per second that one complete wavelength passes a given point. (Section 6.1)
Haloalkane (alkyl halide)
A compound containing a halogen atom covalently bonded to an sp3 -hybridized carbon atom. Given the symbol R!X.
A solution containing just one enantiomer, but not its mirror image.
A form of lipid molecule that contains charged phosphate groups. (Section 24.9)
The determination of the amount of a given substance that is present in a sample. (Section 17.7)
standard atomic weight
The weighted averages for each element, which takes into account isotopic abundance.
Isomers that have the same molecular formula and the same connectivity of their atoms but a different orientation of their atoms in space
Wavenumbers (—n )
The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).
Textbook Survival Guides
Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or email@example.com
Forgot password? Reset it here