Solutions for Chapter 22.4: Organic Reactions

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 22.4: Organic Reactions

Since 7 problems in chapter 22.4: Organic Reactions have been answered, more than 24526 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 22.4: Organic Reactions includes 7 full step-by-step solutions. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Carbon

    A carbon atom adjacent to a carbonyl group

  • amino acids.

    A compound that contains at least one amino group and at least one carboxyl group. (25.3)

  • Androgen

    A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics of males.

  • bidentate ligand

    A ligand in which two linked coordinating atoms are bound to a metal. (Section 23.3)

  • boat conformation

    A conformation of cyclohexane in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and many hydrogen atoms are eclipsing each other.

  • bridgeheads

    In a bicyclic system, the carbon atoms where the rings are fused together.

  • Brønsted–Lowry acid

    A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton donor. (Section 16.2)

  • capillary action

    The process by which a liquid rises in a tube because of a combination of adhesion to the walls of the tube and cohesion between liquid particles. (Section 11.3)

  • constitutional isomers

    Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the way the atoms are connected.

  • critical pressure (Pc).

    The minimum pressure necessary to bring about liquefaction at the critical temperature. (11.8)

  • Energy diagram

    A graph showing the changes in energy that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis, and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis. Also called a reaction coordinate diagram

  • formal charge

    The number of valence electrons in an isolated atom minus the number of electrons assigned to the atom in the Lewis structure. (Section 8.5)

  • meso compound

    A compound that possesses chirality centers and an internal plane of symmetry.

  • nucleophile

    A compound containing an electron-rich atom that is capable of donating a pair of electrons.

  • nucleophilic acyl substitution

    A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.

  • polynucleotide

    A polymer constructed from nucleotides linked together.

  • Primary structure of proteins

    The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain, read from the N-terminal amino acid to the C-terminal amino acid.

  • qualitative analysis

    The determination of the presence or absence of a particular substance in a mixture. (Section 17.7)

  • quaternary ammonium salt

    An ionic compound containing a positively charged nitrogen atom connected to four alkyl groups.

  • rem

    A measure of the biological damage caused by radiation; rems = rads * RBE. (Section 21.9)

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