- 22.4.1: Can an addition reaction occur between chlorine and ethane? Why or ...
- 22.4.2: Does an addition reaction increase or decrease the saturation of a ...
- 22.4.3: What functional groups does the molecule of water that results in t...
- 22.4.4: Explain how elimination reactions could be considered the opposite ...
- 22.4.5: Why can a molecule that has only one functional group not undergo a...
- 22.4.6: Would it be possible to have an addition polymer synthesized from a...
- 22.4.7: applying models Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a polymer that is widel...
Solutions for Chapter 22.4: Organic Reactions
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A carbon atom adjacent to a carbonyl group
A compound that contains at least one amino group and at least one carboxyl group. (25.3)
A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics of males.
A ligand in which two linked coordinating atoms are bound to a metal. (Section 23.3)
A conformation of cyclohexane in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and many hydrogen atoms are eclipsing each other.
In a bicyclic system, the carbon atoms where the rings are fused together.
A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton donor. (Section 16.2)
The process by which a liquid rises in a tube because of a combination of adhesion to the walls of the tube and cohesion between liquid particles. (Section 11.3)
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the way the atoms are connected.
critical pressure (Pc).
The minimum pressure necessary to bring about liquefaction at the critical temperature. (11.8)
A graph showing the changes in energy that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis, and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis. Also called a reaction coordinate diagram
The number of valence electrons in an isolated atom minus the number of electrons assigned to the atom in the Lewis structure. (Section 8.5)
A compound that possesses chirality centers and an internal plane of symmetry.
A compound containing an electron-rich atom that is capable of donating a pair of electrons.
nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.
A polymer constructed from nucleotides linked together.
Primary structure of proteins
The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain, read from the N-terminal amino acid to the C-terminal amino acid.
The determination of the presence or absence of a particular substance in a mixture. (Section 17.7)
quaternary ammonium salt
An ionic compound containing a positively charged nitrogen atom connected to four alkyl groups.
A measure of the biological damage caused by radiation; rems = rads * RBE. (Section 21.9)