- 22.4.1: Can an addition reaction occur between chlorine and ethane? Why or ...
- 22.4.2: Does an addition reaction increase or decrease the saturation of a ...
- 22.4.3: What functional groups does the molecule of water that results in t...
- 22.4.4: Explain how elimination reactions could be considered the opposite ...
- 22.4.5: Why can a molecule that has only one functional group not undergo a...
- 22.4.6: Would it be possible to have an addition polymer synthesized from a...
- 22.4.7: applying models Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a polymer that is widel...
Solutions for Chapter 22.4: Organic Reactions
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
The pressure exerted by Earth’s atmosphere. (5.2)
A group that can be readily installed and uninstalled. Used for regiochemical control during synthesis.
The cycle that relates lattice energies of ionic compounds to ionization energies, electron affinities, heats of sublimation and formation, and bond enthalpies. (9.3)
An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.
A class of substances formed from polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. (Section 24.8)
A state of dynamic balance in which the rate of formation of the products of a reaction from the reactants equals the rate of formation of the reactants from the products; at equilibrium the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant. (Section 4.1;Chapter 15: Introduction)
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using Zn(Hg) and HCl
A unit of measure fordipole moments, where 1 debye = 10-18 esu×cm.
The resonance-stabilized conjugate base of a ketone, aldehyde, or ester.
A reaction in which an amino group is treated with excess methyl iodide, thereby converting it into an excellent leaving group, followed by treatment with a strong base to give an E2 reaction that yields an alkene.
Any molecular vibration that leads to a substantial change in dipole moment and is observed in an IR spectrum.
The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)
normal melting point
The melting point at 1 atm pressure. (Section 11.6)
A reaction in which one compound undergoes an increase in oxidation state.
A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)
retention of configuration
During a reaction, when the configuration of a chirality center remains unchanged.
A systematic set of principles that enable the design of a synthetic route by working backward from the desired product.
The process by which water molecules move under high pressure through a semipermeable membrane from the more concentrated to the less concentrated solution. (Section 18.4)
A concise verbal statement or a mathematical equation that summarizes a wide range of observations and experiences. (Section 1.3)
The threedimensional conformations of localized regions of a protein, including helices and b-pleated sheets.