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Solutions for Chapter 23.1: Carbohydrates and Lipids

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 23.1: Carbohydrates and Lipids

Since 5 problems in chapter 23.1: Carbohydrates and Lipids have been answered, more than 14031 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. Chapter 23.1: Carbohydrates and Lipids includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,2-addition

    A reaction involving the addition of two groups to a conjugated p system in which one group is installed at the C1 position and the other group is installed at the C2 position.

  • acidic anhydride (acidic oxide)

    An oxide that forms an acid when added to water; soluble nonmetal oxides are acidic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)

  • alkaloids

    Naturally occurring amines isolated from plants.

  • Alkyne

    An unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.

  • cellular respiration

    A process by which molecular oxygen is used to convert food into CO2, water, and energy.

  • Chiral center

    A tetrahedral atom, most commonly carbon, that is bonded to four different groups; also called a chirality center

  • coordination compound.

    A neutral species containing one or more complex ions. (23.3)

  • Disaccharide

    A carbohydrate containing two monosaccharide units joined by a glycosidic bond.

  • Double-headed arrow

    A symbol used to show that structures on either side of it are resonance-contributing structures

  • E,Z system

    A system to specify the confi guration of groups about a carbon-carbon double bond

  • enol

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) connected directly to a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • Heat of reaction (DH0 )

    The difference in enthalpy between reactants and products. If the enthalpy of products is lower than that of the reactants, heat is released and the reaction is exothermic. If the enthalpy of the products is higher than that of the reactants, energy is absorbed, and the reaction is endothermic

  • Heterolytic bond cleavage

    Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.

  • ion-product constant

    For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)

  • joule (J)

    The SI unit of energy, 1 kg@m2 >s2. A related unit is the calorie: 4.184 J = 1 cal. (Section 5.1)

  • line spectrum

    A spectrum that contains radiation at only certain specific wavelengths. (Section 6.3)

  • metallic character

    The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)

  • noble gases

    Members of group 8A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)

  • Oxidation

    The loss of electrons. Alternatively, either the loss of hydrogens, the gain of oxygens, or both.

  • reducing agent, or reductant

    The substance that is oxidized and thereby causes the reduction of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)

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