- 23.1.1: Describe two functions of carbohydrates in living systems.
- 23.1.2: Carbohydrates make up about 2% of the mass of the human body, yet w...
- 23.1.3: What is the difference between saponifiable and nonsaponifiable lip...
- 23.1.4: ANALYZING RELATIONSHIPS Glucose is soluble in water. Why is cellulo...
- 23.1.5: EVALUATING IDEAS Carbohydrates make up 75% of the mass of dried pla...
Solutions for Chapter 23.1: Carbohydrates and Lipids
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A reaction involving the addition of two groups to a conjugated p system in which one group is installed at the C1 position and the other group is installed at the C2 position.
acidic anhydride (acidic oxide)
An oxide that forms an acid when added to water; soluble nonmetal oxides are acidic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)
Naturally occurring amines isolated from plants.
An unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.
A process by which molecular oxygen is used to convert food into CO2, water, and energy.
A tetrahedral atom, most commonly carbon, that is bonded to four different groups; also called a chirality center
A neutral species containing one or more complex ions. (23.3)
A carbohydrate containing two monosaccharide units joined by a glycosidic bond.
A symbol used to show that structures on either side of it are resonance-contributing structures
A system to specify the confi guration of groups about a carbon-carbon double bond
A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) connected directly to a carbon-carbon double bond.
Heat of reaction (DH0 )
The difference in enthalpy between reactants and products. If the enthalpy of products is lower than that of the reactants, heat is released and the reaction is exothermic. If the enthalpy of the products is higher than that of the reactants, energy is absorbed, and the reaction is endothermic
Heterolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.
For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)
The SI unit of energy, 1 kg@m2 >s2. A related unit is the calorie: 4.184 J = 1 cal. (Section 5.1)
A spectrum that contains radiation at only certain specific wavelengths. (Section 6.3)
The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)
Members of group 8A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)
The loss of electrons. Alternatively, either the loss of hydrogens, the gain of oxygens, or both.
reducing agent, or reductant
The substance that is oxidized and thereby causes the reduction of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)
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