- 23.10: Describe the structure of an amino acid. Then, explain how amino ac...
- 23.11: Circle and identify the carboxylic acid groups and the amino groups...
- 23.12: Can two types of enzymes contain the same number and kinds of amino...
- 23.13: What happens when a protein is denatured? 1
- 23.14: Explain the cause of the genetic disease sickle cell anemia. 1
- 23.15: Why is the water solubility of fibrous proteins so different from t...
- 23.16: Draw the structures of two dipeptides made up of glycine and valine. 1
- 23.17: How many different tripeptides can be formed from two molecules of ...
- 23.18: What chemical gains the metabolic energy that is released as glucos...
- 23.19: What does ATP stand for? What is the role of ATP in living organism...
- 23.20: Describe the steps that occur in the digestion of fats. 2
- 23.21: Review the following diagram of catabolism. 2
- 23.22: Write the structural formula of ATP. Circle the bond that breaks wh...
- 23.23: What are the three components of a nucleotide? 2
- 23.24: How are the two chains of DNA held together? 2
- 23.25: Describe in general terms the process of DNA replication. 2
- 23.26: What are the main differences between DNA and RNA? 2
- 23.27: Describe the similarities and differences between the three kinds o...
- 23.28: What is a ribosome? What is the function of a ribosome in a cell? 2
- 23.29: The following sequence of bases might be found on the gene that cod...
- 23.30: Name the four main elements that make up compounds found in living ...
- 23.31: In each of the following groups, one of the items does not belong i...
- 23.32: What is the human bodys storage form of each of the following? a. g...
- 23.33: Is each of the following statements about proteins and triglyceride...
- 23.34: Circle the hydrophobic part in each of the figures shown below. 3
- 23.35: Both celery and potato chips are composed of molecules that are pol...
- 23.36: Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins can produce energy for an organis...
- 23.37: Describe the basic structure of the cell membrane. What is the cell...
- 23.38: Interpreting Concepts A diet that consists primarily of corn can re...
- 23.39: Inferring Relationships Explain how a similar reaction forms three ...
- 23.40: Evaluating Ideas Some diets recommend severely restricting or elimi...
- 23.41: Using Analogies Explain why the model of enzyme action is called th...
- 23.42: Conduct library research about how Olestra decreases fat and calori...
- 23.43: Write a summary discussing what you have learned about the four maj...
- 23.44: Amylase, the enzyme present in the mouth, catalyzes the digestion o...
- 23.1: Describe the general chemical formula of carbohydrates.
- 23.2: Name two examples from each of the following classes of carbohydrat...
- 23.3: What different roles do the polysaccharides starch and cellulose pl...
- 23.4: What word is used to describe fatty acids that contain at least one...
- 23.5: Why are some triglycerides liquid, while others are solid?
- 23.6: What reagents are used to make soaps?
- 23.7: Draw the structural formula for glucose.
- 23.8: Using structural formulas, write the equation showing the formation...
- 23.9: Write the equation representing the formation of a soap molecule fr...
Solutions for Chapter 23: Biological Chemistry
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A reaction involving the addition of two groups to a conjugated p system in which one group is installed at the C1 position and the other group is installed at the C4 position.
For mechanisms, a step that involves two chemical entities.
Polymers that can be broken down by enzymes produced by soil microorganisms.
In a Lewis structure a pair of electrons that is shared by two atoms. (Section 9.2)
In an acid-base reaction, the product that results when a base is protonated.
conjugate acid-base pair.
An acid and its conjugate base or a base and its conjugate acid. (15.1)
A compound that reacts with a diene in a Diels-Alder reaction.
electron impact ionization (EI)
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique that involves bombarding a compoundwith high-energy electrons.
The numerical value of the equilibrium-constant expression for a system at equilibrium. The equilibrium constant is most usually denoted by Kp for gas-phase systems or Kc for solution-phase systems. (Section 15.2)
A reaction that involves the addition of X2 (either Br2 or Cl2) across an alkene.
A compound containing a five-membered ring that is similar to pyrrole but has one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.
Any molecular vibration that leads to a substantial change in dipole moment and is observed in an IR spectrum.
The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)
An SH group.
A compound that possesses chirality centers and an internal plane of symmetry.
oxidation number (oxidation state)
A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)
Properties that can be measured without changing the composition of a substance, for example, color and freezing point. (Section 1.3)
The most common isotope of hydrogen. (Section 22.2)
The branch of science that studies the interaction of matter and radiation.
The separation of enantiomers from a mixture containing both enantiomers.