- 23.10: Describe the structure of an amino acid. Then, explain how amino ac...
- 23.11: Circle and identify the carboxylic acid groups and the amino groups...
- 23.12: Can two types of enzymes contain the same number and kinds of amino...
- 23.13: What happens when a protein is denatured? 1
- 23.14: Explain the cause of the genetic disease sickle cell anemia. 1
- 23.15: Why is the water solubility of fibrous proteins so different from t...
- 23.16: Draw the structures of two dipeptides made up of glycine and valine. 1
- 23.17: How many different tripeptides can be formed from two molecules of ...
- 23.18: What chemical gains the metabolic energy that is released as glucos...
- 23.19: What does ATP stand for? What is the role of ATP in living organism...
- 23.20: Describe the steps that occur in the digestion of fats. 2
- 23.21: Review the following diagram of catabolism. 2
- 23.22: Write the structural formula of ATP. Circle the bond that breaks wh...
- 23.23: What are the three components of a nucleotide? 2
- 23.24: How are the two chains of DNA held together? 2
- 23.25: Describe in general terms the process of DNA replication. 2
- 23.26: What are the main differences between DNA and RNA? 2
- 23.27: Describe the similarities and differences between the three kinds o...
- 23.28: What is a ribosome? What is the function of a ribosome in a cell? 2
- 23.29: The following sequence of bases might be found on the gene that cod...
- 23.30: Name the four main elements that make up compounds found in living ...
- 23.31: In each of the following groups, one of the items does not belong i...
- 23.32: What is the human bodys storage form of each of the following? a. g...
- 23.33: Is each of the following statements about proteins and triglyceride...
- 23.34: Circle the hydrophobic part in each of the figures shown below. 3
- 23.35: Both celery and potato chips are composed of molecules that are pol...
- 23.36: Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins can produce energy for an organis...
- 23.37: Describe the basic structure of the cell membrane. What is the cell...
- 23.38: Interpreting Concepts A diet that consists primarily of corn can re...
- 23.39: Inferring Relationships Explain how a similar reaction forms three ...
- 23.40: Evaluating Ideas Some diets recommend severely restricting or elimi...
- 23.41: Using Analogies Explain why the model of enzyme action is called th...
- 23.42: Conduct library research about how Olestra decreases fat and calori...
- 23.43: Write a summary discussing what you have learned about the four maj...
- 23.44: Amylase, the enzyme present in the mouth, catalyzes the digestion o...
- 23.1: Describe the general chemical formula of carbohydrates.
- 23.2: Name two examples from each of the following classes of carbohydrat...
- 23.3: What different roles do the polysaccharides starch and cellulose pl...
- 23.4: What word is used to describe fatty acids that contain at least one...
- 23.5: Why are some triglycerides liquid, while others are solid?
- 23.6: What reagents are used to make soaps?
- 23.7: Draw the structural formula for glucose.
- 23.8: Using structural formulas, write the equation showing the formation...
- 23.9: Write the equation representing the formation of a soap molecule fr...
Solutions for Chapter 23: Biological Chemistry
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A molecule containing two !OR or !OAr groups bonded to the same carbon
Antibonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electrons have a higher energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals
A solution in which water is the solvent. (Chapter 4: Introduction)
A reaction for which the reagent necessary to catalyze the reaction is produced by the reaction itself.
An elementary reaction that involves two molecules. (Section 14.6)
A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located at the center and corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)
A proton donor
The electrons that are not in the outermost shell of an atom. (Section 6.8)
deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA).
A type of nucleic acid. (25.4)
A covalent bond involving two electron pairs. (Section 8.3)
A system to specify the confi guration of groups about a carbon-carbon double bond
A compound of the type CHX3 where X is a halogen.
A molecule containing an !OH and an !OR or !OAr group bonded to the same carbon
When treated with a strong base, a quaternary ammonium halide undergoes b-elimination by an E2 mechanism to give the less-substituted alkene as the major product
Water attracting. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)
The state of a system at a particular instant; one of many possible energetically equivalent ways to arrange the components of a system to achieve a particular state. (Section 19.3)
The product of the mass, m, and velocity, v, of an object. (Section 6.4)
The special name given to the amide bond formed between the a-amino group of one amino acid and the a-carboxyl group of another amino acid
Light oscillating in only parallel planes.
A law stating that the partial pressure of a solvent over a solution, Psolution, is given by the vapor pressure of the pure solvent, P° solvent, times the mole fraction of a solvent in the solution, Xsolvent: Psolution = XsolventP° solvent. (Section 13.5)
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