- 23.10: Describe the structure of an amino acid. Then, explain how amino ac...
- 23.11: Circle and identify the carboxylic acid groups and the amino groups...
- 23.12: Can two types of enzymes contain the same number and kinds of amino...
- 23.13: What happens when a protein is denatured? 1
- 23.14: Explain the cause of the genetic disease sickle cell anemia. 1
- 23.15: Why is the water solubility of fibrous proteins so different from t...
- 23.16: Draw the structures of two dipeptides made up of glycine and valine. 1
- 23.17: How many different tripeptides can be formed from two molecules of ...
- 23.18: What chemical gains the metabolic energy that is released as glucos...
- 23.19: What does ATP stand for? What is the role of ATP in living organism...
- 23.20: Describe the steps that occur in the digestion of fats. 2
- 23.21: Review the following diagram of catabolism. 2
- 23.22: Write the structural formula of ATP. Circle the bond that breaks wh...
- 23.23: What are the three components of a nucleotide? 2
- 23.24: How are the two chains of DNA held together? 2
- 23.25: Describe in general terms the process of DNA replication. 2
- 23.26: What are the main differences between DNA and RNA? 2
- 23.27: Describe the similarities and differences between the three kinds o...
- 23.28: What is a ribosome? What is the function of a ribosome in a cell? 2
- 23.29: The following sequence of bases might be found on the gene that cod...
- 23.30: Name the four main elements that make up compounds found in living ...
- 23.31: In each of the following groups, one of the items does not belong i...
- 23.32: What is the human bodys storage form of each of the following? a. g...
- 23.33: Is each of the following statements about proteins and triglyceride...
- 23.34: Circle the hydrophobic part in each of the figures shown below. 3
- 23.35: Both celery and potato chips are composed of molecules that are pol...
- 23.36: Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins can produce energy for an organis...
- 23.37: Describe the basic structure of the cell membrane. What is the cell...
- 23.38: Interpreting Concepts A diet that consists primarily of corn can re...
- 23.39: Inferring Relationships Explain how a similar reaction forms three ...
- 23.40: Evaluating Ideas Some diets recommend severely restricting or elimi...
- 23.41: Using Analogies Explain why the model of enzyme action is called th...
- 23.42: Conduct library research about how Olestra decreases fat and calori...
- 23.43: Write a summary discussing what you have learned about the four maj...
- 23.44: Amylase, the enzyme present in the mouth, catalyzes the digestion o...
- 23.1: Describe the general chemical formula of carbohydrates.
- 23.2: Name two examples from each of the following classes of carbohydrat...
- 23.3: What different roles do the polysaccharides starch and cellulose pl...
- 23.4: What word is used to describe fatty acids that contain at least one...
- 23.5: Why are some triglycerides liquid, while others are solid?
- 23.6: What reagents are used to make soaps?
- 23.7: Draw the structural formula for glucose.
- 23.8: Using structural formulas, write the equation showing the formation...
- 23.9: Write the equation representing the formation of a soap molecule fr...
Solutions for Chapter 23: Biological Chemistry
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A conformation in which the dihedral angle between two groups is 180°.
A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene
atomic number (Z).
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom. (2.3)
Covalent hydrides of boron. (Section 22.11)
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (Chapter 14: Introduction)
complex ion (complex)
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases (ligands) bonded to it. (Section 17.5)
Light and other forms of radiant energy.
elimination (of radicals)
In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.
The number of times per second that one complete wavelength passes a given point. (Section 6.1)
An orbital formed by the combination of two or more atomic orbitals.
The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital.
A building block of nucleic acids, consisting of d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose bonded to a heterocyclic aromatic amine base by a b-N-glycosidic bond
A property that a substance possesses if it contains one or more unpaired electrons. A paramagnetic substance is drawn into a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)
A nuclear decay process where a positron, a particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, symbol 0+1e, or b+ is emitted from the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
A method for preparing substituted amines by treating an aldehyde or ketone with an amine in the presence of a reducing agent
A molecule, ion, or radical described as a composite of a number of contributing structures
S (Section 3.3
From the Latin, sinister, left; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is counterclockwise
The preferred metric units for use in science. (Section 1.4)
Matter that has both a definite shape and a definite volume. (Section 1.2)
A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is three