- 23.10: Describe the structure of an amino acid. Then, explain how amino ac...
- 23.11: Circle and identify the carboxylic acid groups and the amino groups...
- 23.12: Can two types of enzymes contain the same number and kinds of amino...
- 23.13: What happens when a protein is denatured? 1
- 23.14: Explain the cause of the genetic disease sickle cell anemia. 1
- 23.15: Why is the water solubility of fibrous proteins so different from t...
- 23.16: Draw the structures of two dipeptides made up of glycine and valine. 1
- 23.17: How many different tripeptides can be formed from two molecules of ...
- 23.18: What chemical gains the metabolic energy that is released as glucos...
- 23.19: What does ATP stand for? What is the role of ATP in living organism...
- 23.20: Describe the steps that occur in the digestion of fats. 2
- 23.21: Review the following diagram of catabolism. 2
- 23.22: Write the structural formula of ATP. Circle the bond that breaks wh...
- 23.23: What are the three components of a nucleotide? 2
- 23.24: How are the two chains of DNA held together? 2
- 23.25: Describe in general terms the process of DNA replication. 2
- 23.26: What are the main differences between DNA and RNA? 2
- 23.27: Describe the similarities and differences between the three kinds o...
- 23.28: What is a ribosome? What is the function of a ribosome in a cell? 2
- 23.29: The following sequence of bases might be found on the gene that cod...
- 23.30: Name the four main elements that make up compounds found in living ...
- 23.31: In each of the following groups, one of the items does not belong i...
- 23.32: What is the human bodys storage form of each of the following? a. g...
- 23.33: Is each of the following statements about proteins and triglyceride...
- 23.34: Circle the hydrophobic part in each of the figures shown below. 3
- 23.35: Both celery and potato chips are composed of molecules that are pol...
- 23.36: Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins can produce energy for an organis...
- 23.37: Describe the basic structure of the cell membrane. What is the cell...
- 23.38: Interpreting Concepts A diet that consists primarily of corn can re...
- 23.39: Inferring Relationships Explain how a similar reaction forms three ...
- 23.40: Evaluating Ideas Some diets recommend severely restricting or elimi...
- 23.41: Using Analogies Explain why the model of enzyme action is called th...
- 23.42: Conduct library research about how Olestra decreases fat and calori...
- 23.43: Write a summary discussing what you have learned about the four maj...
- 23.44: Amylase, the enzyme present in the mouth, catalyzes the digestion o...
- 23.1: Describe the general chemical formula of carbohydrates.
- 23.2: Name two examples from each of the following classes of carbohydrat...
- 23.3: What different roles do the polysaccharides starch and cellulose pl...
- 23.4: What word is used to describe fatty acids that contain at least one...
- 23.5: Why are some triglycerides liquid, while others are solid?
- 23.6: What reagents are used to make soaps?
- 23.7: Draw the structural formula for glucose.
- 23.8: Using structural formulas, write the equation showing the formation...
- 23.9: Write the equation representing the formation of a soap molecule fr...
Solutions for Chapter 23: Biological Chemistry
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
alkaline earth metals
Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
atomic mass unit (amu).
A mass exactly equal to 1 12th the mass of one carbon-12 atom. (3.1)
A three-dimensional shape that can be adopted by a compound as a result of rotation about single bonds.
A polymer containing two or more different monomers. (25.2)
A compound containing a cyano group and a hydroxyl group connected to the same carbon atom.
A procedure for preparing a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated solution. (4.5)
For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is approximately along the equator of the ring.
The mass of the collection of atoms represented by a chemical formula. For example, the formula weight of NO2 (46.0 amu) is the sum of the masses of one nitrogen atom and two oxygen atoms. (Section 3.3)
The practice in which water laden with sand and other materials is pumped at high pressure into rock formations to release natural gas and other petroleum materials. (Section 18.4)
heat of sublimation
The enthalpy change, ?H, for vaporization of a solid. (Section 11.4)
The equilibrium established between substances in two or more different phases, for example, between a gas and a solid or between a solid and a liquid. (Section 15.4)
The energy that an object possesses by virtue of its motion. (Section 5.1)
A polymer that isformed via anionic polymerization.
melt transition temperature (Tm)
The temperature at which the crystallineregions of a polymer become amorphous.
The science of extracting metals from their natural sources by a combination of chemical and physical processes. It is also concerned with the properties and structures of metals and alloys. (Section 23.1)
A group of molecules arranged in a sphere such that the surface of the sphere is comprised of polar groups, rendering the micelle water soluble.
A compound with molecular formula HONO.
An industrial process used to make nitric acid from ammonia. The NH3 is catalytically oxidized by O2 to form NO; NO in air is oxidized to NO2; HNO3 is formed in a disproportionation reaction when NO2 dissolves in water. (Section 22.7)
The pressure exerted by a particular gas in a mixture. (Section 10.6)
polar aprotic solvent
A solvent that lacks hydrogen atoms connected directly to an electronegative atom.