Solutions for Chapter 1: Chemical Foundations

Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9781133611097 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemistry | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9781133611097

Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9781133611097 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 1: Chemical Foundations

Solutions for Chapter 1
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Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 9
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 148 problems in chapter 1: Chemical Foundations have been answered, more than 26084 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9781133611097. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 9. Chapter 1: Chemical Foundations includes 148 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Allylic carbocation

    A carbocation in which an allylic carbon bears the positive charge.

  • atmospheric pressure.

    The pressure exerted by Earth’s atmosphere. (5.2)

  • back-side attack

    In SN2 reactions, the side opposite the leaving group, which is where the nucleophile attacks.

  • Born-Haber cycle.

    The cycle that relates lattice energies of ionic compounds to ionization energies, electron affinities, heats of sublimation and formation, and bond enthalpies. (9.3)

  • Born–Haber cycle

    A thermodynamic cycle based on Hess’s law that relates the lattice energy of an ionic substance to its enthalpy of formation and to other measurable quantities. (Section 8.2)

  • Brønsted base.

    A substance capable of accepting a proton. (4.3)

  • Carboxyl group (Section 1.3D)

    A !COOH group.

  • Chain-growth polymerization

    A polymerization that involves sequential addition reactions, either to unsaturated monomers or to monomers possessing other reactive functional groups.

  • conjugate acid

    In an acid-base reaction, the product that results when a base is protonated.

  • critical temperature (Tc).

    The temperature above which a gas will not liquefy. (11.8)

  • dimensional analysis

    A method of problem solving in which units are carried through all calculations. Dimensional analysis ensures that the final answer of a calculation has the desired units. (Section 1.6)

  • half-life

    The time required for the concentration of a reactant substance to decrease to half its initial value; the time required for half of a sample of a particular radioisotope to decay. (Sections 14.4 and 21.4)

  • Hund’s rule

    When considering electrons in atomic orbitals, a rule that states that one electron is placed in each degenerate orbital first, before electrons are paired up.

  • joule (J)

    The SI unit of energy, 1 kg@m2 >s2. A related unit is the calorie: 4.184 J = 1 cal. (Section 5.1)

  • metric system

    A system of measurement used in science and in most countries. The meter and the gram are examples of metric units. (Section 1.4)

  • prostaglandins

    Lipids that contain 20 carbon atoms and are characterized by a five-membered ring with two side chains.

  • R,S System

    A set of rules for specifying absolute confi guration about a chiral center; also called the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog system

  • Signal

    A recording in an NMR spectrum of a nuclear magnetic resonance

  • Stereocenter

    An atom, most commonly carbon, about which exchange of two groups produces a stereoisomer. Chiral centers are one type of stereocenter

  • Transfer RNA (tRNA

    A ribonucleic acid that carries a specifi c amino acid to the site of protein synthesis on ribosomes

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