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Solutions for Chapter 8: General Concepts

Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9781133611097 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemistry | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9781133611097

Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9781133611097 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 8: General Concepts

Solutions for Chapter 8
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Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 9
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

Since 191 problems in chapter 8: General Concepts have been answered, more than 90719 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 8: General Concepts includes 191 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781133611097. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 9.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,4-adduct

    The product obtained from 1,4-addition across a conjugated p system.

  • alkenes

    Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon double bonds. (Section 24.2)

  • alkylthio group

    An SR group.

  • alpha (a) rays.

    Helium ions with a positive charge of 12. (2.2)

  • calorimetry.

    The measurement of heat changes. (6.5)

  • chemical equilibrium.

    A state in which the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are equal. (14.1)

  • Cyanohydrin

    A molecule containing an !OH group and a !CN group bonded to the same carbon.

  • cycloalkane

    An alkane whose structure contains a ring.

  • electromagnetic spectrum

    Therange of all frequencies of electromagnetic radiation,which is arbitrarily divided into severalregions, most commonly by wavelength.

  • electromotive force (emf)

    A measure of the driving force, or electrical pressure, for the completion of an electrochemical reaction. Electromotive force is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called the cell potential. (Section 20.4)

  • Halohydrin

    A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.

  • heat of vaporization

    The enthalpy change, ?H, for vaporization of a liquid. (Section 11.4)

  • metathesis (exchange) reaction

    A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)

  • Nernst equation

    An equation that relates the cell emf, E, to the standard emf, E°, and the reaction quotient, Q: E = E° - 1RT>nF2 ln Q. (Section 20.6)

  • nitrogen rule

    In mass spectrometry, an odd molecular weight indicates an odd number of nitrogen atoms in the compound, while an even molecular weight indicates either an even number of nitrogen atoms or the absence of nitrogen.

  • nuclear model

    Model of the atom with a nucleus containing protons and neutrons and with electrons in the space outside the nucleus. (Section 2.2)

  • polypeptide

    A polymer of amino acids that has a molecular weight of less than 10,000. (Section 24.7)

  • polysaccharide

    A substance made up of many monosaccharide units joined together. (Section 24.8)

  • strong activators

    Groups that strongly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly enhancing the rate of the reaction.

  • thermosetting resins

    Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.

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