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Solutions for Chapter 17: Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy

Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9781133611097 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemistry | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9781133611097

Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9781133611097 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl

Solutions for Chapter 17: Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy

Solutions for Chapter 17
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Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 9
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

Chapter 17: Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy includes 147 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 9. Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781133611097. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 147 problems in chapter 17: Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy have been answered, more than 79665 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • accuracy

    A measure of how closely individual measurements agree with the correct value. (Section 1.5)

  • Alkylation reaction

    Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.

  • Amino group

    A compound containing an sp3 -hybridized nitrogen atom bonded to one, two, or three carbon atoms

  • b-Elimination

    A reaction in which a molecule, such as HCl, HBr, HI, or HOH, is split out or eliminated from adjacent carbons

  • chemical reaction.

    A process in which a substance (or substances) is changed into one or more new substances. (3.7)

  • Cycloaddition reaction

    A reaction in which two reactants add together in a single step to form a cyclic product. The best known of these is the Diels-Alder reaction

  • delocalized electrons

    Electrons that are spread over a number of atoms in a molecule or a crystal rather than localized on a single atom or a pair of atoms. (Section 9.6)

  • density.

    The mass of a substance divided by its volume. (1.6)

  • Downfield

    A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the left (larger chemical shift) on the chart paper.

  • E

    For alkenes, a stereodescriptorthat indicates that the two priority groups are on opposite sides of the p bond.

  • estrogens

    Female sex hormones.

  • glucose

    A polyhydroxy aldehyde whose formula is CH2OH1CHOH24CHO; it is the most important of the monosaccharides. (Section 24.8)

  • Hybridization

    The combination of atomic orbitals of different types

  • hydrohalogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of H and X (either Br or Cl) across an alkene.

  • Infrared active

    Any molecular vibration that leads to a substantial change in dipole moment and is observed in an IR spectrum.

  • Lactam

    A cyclic amide.

  • lecithins

    Phosphoglycerides thatcontain choline.

  • secondary structure

    The threedimensional conformations of localized regions of a protein, including helices and b-pleated sheets.

  • termolecular

    For mechanisms, a step that involves three chemical entities.

  • third order

    A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is three

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