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Solutions for Chapter 19: Aldehydes and Ketones: Nucleophilic Addition Reactions

Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9781305080485 | Authors: John E. McMurry

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9781305080485

Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9781305080485 | Authors: John E. McMurry

Solutions for Chapter 19: Aldehydes and Ketones: Nucleophilic Addition Reactions

Solutions for Chapter 19
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 9
Author: John E. McMurry
ISBN: 9781305080485

Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781305080485. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 9. Chapter 19: Aldehydes and Ketones: Nucleophilic Addition Reactions includes 97 full step-by-step solutions. Since 97 problems in chapter 19: Aldehydes and Ketones: Nucleophilic Addition Reactions have been answered, more than 54915 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Activation energy

    The difference in Gibbs free energy between reactants and a transition state

  • Alkyl group

    A group derived by removing a hydrogen from an alkane; given the symbol R!

  • band gap

    The energy gap between a fully occupied band called a valence band and an empty band called the conduction band. (Section 12.7)

  • Chain initiation

    A step in a chain reaction characterized by the formation of reactive intermediates (radicals, anions, or cations) from nonradical or noncharged molecules

  • copolymer

    A complex polymer resulting from the polymerization of two or more chemically different monomers. (Section 12.8)

  • cyanides.

    Compounds containing the CN2 ion. (22.3)

  • Dalton’s law of partial pressures

    A law stating that the total pressure of a mixture of gases is the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (Section 10.6)

  • elementary reaction

    A process in a chemical reaction that occurs in a single step. An overall chemical reaction consists of one or more elementary reactions or steps. (Section 14.6)

  • elimination-addition

    A reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.

  • enol

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) connected directly to a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • Graham’s law

    A law stating that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molecular weight. (Section 10.8)

  • intermetallic compound

    A homogeneous alloy with definite properties and a fixed composition. Intermetallic compounds are stoichiometric compounds that form between metallic elements. (Section 12.3)

  • Ka

    A measure of the strength of an acid: Ka = Keq 3H2O4 = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4

  • loss of a leaving group

    One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.

  • molar heat capacity

    The heat required to raise the temperature of one mole of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)

  • Orbital

    A region of space that can hold two electrons

  • precipitate

    An insoluble substance that forms in, and separates from, a solution. (Section 4.2)

  • ribonucleic acid (RNA)

    A polynucleotide in which ribose is the sugar component. (Section 24.10)

  • scientific method

    The general process of advancing scientific knowledge by making experimental observations and by formulating hypotheses, theories, and laws. (Section 1.3)

  • secondary alkyl halide

    An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to exactly two alkyl groups.

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