- 2.7a.1: Values of a variable (f) are measured at several times (t): f 148 t...
- 2.7a.2: If a function yx appears as shown in each of the diagrams shown bel...
Solutions for Chapter 2.7a: PROCESS DATA REPRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
The binding of molecules to a surface. (Section 14.7)
A substituent lacking p bonds and comprised of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene
In mass spectrometry, the tallest peak in the spectrum, which is assigned a relative value of 100%.
base-dissociation constant (Kb)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)
Energetic electrons emitted from the nucleus, symbol 0-1e or b-. (Section 21.1)
Solids in which the units that make up the three-dimensional network are joined by covalent bonds. (Section 12.1)
A theory that accounts for the colors and the magnetic and other properties of transition-metal complexes in terms of the splitting of the energies of metal ion d orbitals by the electrostatic interaction with the ligands. (Section 23.6)
A measure of a solvent’s ability to insulate opposite charges from one another
Fischer esterifi cation
The process of forming an ester by refl uxing a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst, commonly H2SO4, ArSO3H, or HCl
In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a halogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.
heat of combustion
The heat given off during a reaction in which an alkane reacts with oxygen to produce CO2 and water.
law of definite proportions
A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure substance is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of constant composition. (Section 1.2)
Low-resolution mass spectrometry
Instrumentation that is capable of separating only ions that differ in mass by 1 or more amu.
A compound that does not rotate plane-polarized light.
Addition of a reagent to a metal center causing it to add two substituents and to increase its oxidation state by two
A C6H5 group.
A complex derived from the porphine molecule. (Section 23.3)
A law stating that the partial pressure of a solvent over a solution, Psolution, is given by the vapor pressure of the pure solvent, P° solvent, times the mole fraction of a solvent in the solution, Xsolvent: Psolution = XsolventP° solvent. (Section 13.5)
S (Section 3.3
From the Latin, sinister, left; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is counterclockwise
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