- 3.3c.1: What is the molar concentration of A?
- 3.3c.2: What is the mass concentration of A?
- 3.3c.3: What volume of the solution contains 20 mol of A?
- 3.3c.4: What is the mass flow rate of A in a stream whose volumetric flow r...
Solutions for Chapter 3.3c: CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
Compounds containing multiple aromatic rings fused together.
Rainwater that has become excessively acidic because of absorption of pollutant oxides, notably SO3, produced by human activities. (Section 18.2)
Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.
The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to opposite faces of a carbon-carbon double bond.
A cholesterol-derived detergent molecule, such as cholic acid, which is secreted by the gallbladder into the intestine to assist in the absorption of dietary lipids.
The production of chlorine gas by the electrolysis of aqueous NaCl solution. (22.6)
A chemical reaction in which a single compound reacts to give two or more products. (Section 3.2)
The angle created by two intersecting planes.
A pericyclic process in which a conjugated polyene undergoes cyclization. In the process, one p bond is converted into a s bond, while the remaining p bonds all change their location. The newly formed s bond joins the ends of the original p system,thereby creating a ring.
A push or a pull. (Section 5.1)
Gibbs free energy (G)
The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.
The catalyst system and conditions of temperature and pressure developed by Fritz Haber and coworkers for the formation of NH3 from H2 and N2. (Section 15.2)
A nonpolar molecule derived from glycerol and fatty acids that is used by organisms for long-term energy storage. (Section 24.9)
A compound containing a !C#N (cyano) group bonded to a carbon atom.
The product formed when a nucleoside is coupled to a phosphate group
Pauli exclusion principle
The rule that states that an atomic orbital or molecular orbital can accommodate a maximum of two electrons with opposite spin.
An equation thatdescribes the relationship between the rate of a reactionand the concentration of reactants.
reducing agent, or reductant
The substance that is oxidized and thereby causes the reduction of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)
A reaction in which one substrate produces two stereoisomers in unequal amounts.
Common leaving groups. Examples include tosylate, mesylate, and triflate ions.