- 3.4c.1: What is a Bourdon gauge? What range of pressures can it be used to ...
- 3.4c.2: What is an open-end manometer? A differential manometer? A sealed-e...
- 3.4c.3: True or false? (a) An open-end manometer provides a direct reading ...
- 3.4c.4: The pressure of a gas in a pipeline is measured with an open-end me...
Solutions for Chapter 3.4c: PRESSURE
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
The decay rate of a radioactive material, generally expressed as the number of disintegrations per unit time. (Section 21.4)
An unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.
A carbon adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.
alpha (a) position
The position immediately adjacent to a functional group.
One-half the distance between the two nuclei in two adjacent atoms of the same element in a metal. For elements that exist as diatomic units, the atomic radius is one-half the distance between the nuclei of the two atoms in a particular molecule. (8.3)
A compound that contains the ¬COOH functional group. (Sections 16.10 and 24.4)
The probability of finding an electron at any particular point in an atom; this probability is equal to c2, the square of the wave function. Also called the probability density. (Section 6.5)
A polymer that contains sections of one homopolymer that have been grafted onto a chain of the other homopolymer.
inversion of configuration
During a reaction, when the configuration of a chirality center is changed.
law of definite proportions
A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure substance is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of constant composition. (Section 1.2)
A naturally occurring combustible liquid composed of hundreds of hydrocarbons and other organic compounds. (Section 5.8)
Elimination of two substituents at a metal center, causing the oxidation state of the metal to decrease by two.
A test for determining the relationship between two protons. The compound is drawn two times, each time replacing one of the protons with deuterium. If the two compounds are identical, the protons are homotopic. If the two compounds are enantiomers, the protons are enantiotopic. If the two compounds are diastereomers, the protons are diastereotopic.
Hydrolysis of an ester in the presence of a base. (Section 24.4)
The digits that indicate the precision with which a measurement is made; all digits of a measured quantity are significant, including the last digit, which is uncertain. (Section 1.5)
A homogeneous alloy, where two or more elements are distributed randomly and uniformly throughout the solid. (Section 12.3)
A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.
An excellent leaving group (OTs). transition state (Sect. 6.6): A state through which a reaction passes. On an energy diagram, a transition state corresponds with a local maximum.
A reaction in which only one species is involved in the rate-determining step
A hydrocarbon containing one or more carbon-carbon double or triple bonds. The three classes of unsaturated hydrocarbons are alkenes, alkynes, and arenes