- 4.1c.1: Balances are to be written for each of the quantities listed below ...
- 4.1c.2: Mass of species A. (Steady state, A is nonreactive)
- 4.1c.3: Total moles.
- 4.1c.4: Moles of species A.
- 4.1c.5: Volume. (The answer provides an indication of why volumes should be...
Solutions for Chapter 4.1c: PROCESS CLASSIFICATION
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
The conjugate base of a terminal alkyne.
alpha (a) helix
For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when a portion of the protein twists into a spiral.
A statement that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of molecules. (Section 10.3)
A law stating that at constant pressure, the volume of a given quantity of gas is proportional to absolute temperature. (Section 10.3)
The isotope of hydrogen whose nucleus contains a proton and a neutron: 2 1H. (Section 22.2)
dextrorotatory, or merely dextro or d
A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the right (clockwise). (Section 23.4)
An eliminationreaction in which the leaving group only leavesafter deprotonation occurs. This process occurs atthe end of an aldol condensation.
An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.
Gibbs free energy (G)
The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.
A term that refers to the rate of a reaction.
Thedetermining factor by which ions are separatedfrom each other in mass spectrometry.
metallic elements (metals)
Elements that are usually solids at room temperature, exhibit high electrical and heat conductivity, and appear lustrous. Most of the elements in the periodic table are metals. (Sections 2.5 and 12.1)
The product formed when either d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose is coupled with certain nitrogen heterocycles (called bases).
The name given to O3, an allotrope of oxygen. (Section 7.8)
The negative log in base 10 of the aquated hydrogen ion concentration: pH = -log3H+4. (Section 16.4)
Compounds that are very similar in structure to triglycerides, with the main difference being that one of the three fatty acid residues is replaced by a phosphoester group.
The difference in energy between a resonance hybrid and the most stable of its hypothetical contributing structures in which electrons are localized on particular atoms and in particular bonds.
A compound that contains no p bonds.
Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.
Transfer RNA (tRNA
A ribonucleic acid that carries a specifi c amino acid to the site of protein synthesis on ribosomes