- 4.3a.1: Several labeled process streams are shown below. Calculate the indi...
- 4.3a.2: 250 Calculate in terms of x
- 4.3a.3: 75 ml CCl4 (liquid) Calculate n (mol CCl4)
- 4.3a.4: Calculate 50 kg H2O/s and 0.25 kg CO/kg dry gas 0.75 kg CO2/kg dry gas
Solutions for Chapter 4.3a: MATERIAL BALANCE CALCULATIONS
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
The binding of molecules to a surface. (Section 14.7)
A solution in which water is the solvent. (Chapter 4: Introduction)
The generally larger formation constants for polydentate ligands as compared with the corresponding monodentate ligands. (Section 23.3)
Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions
heat of fusion
The enthalpy change, ?H, for melting a solid. (Section 11.4)
The mixing of different types of atomic orbitals to produce a set of equivalent hybrid orbitals. (Section 9.5)
Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.
Lewis symbol (electron-dot symbol)
The chemical symbol for an element, with a dot for each valence electron. (Section 8.1)
Radiation that does not have sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule. (Section 21.9)
Compounds formed from a molecule of phosphoric acid, a sugar molecule, and an organic nitrogen base. Nucleotides form linear polymers called DNA and RNA, which are involved in protein synthesis and cell reproduction. (Section 24.10)
Compounds that are very similar in structure to triglycerides, with the main difference being that one of the three fatty acid residues is replaced by a phosphoester group.
One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.
quaternary ammonium salt
An ionic compound containing a positively charged nitrogen atom connected to four alkyl groups.
A change in connectivity of the atoms in a product compared with the con nectivity of the same atoms in the starting material.
A carbohydrate that reacts with an oxidizing agent to form an aldonic acid. In this reaction, the carbohydrate reduces the oxidizing agent.
A method for preparing substituted amines by treating an aldehyde or ketone with an amine in the presence of a reducing agent
specific heat 1Cs2
The heat capacity of 1 g of a substance; the heat required to raise the temperature of 1 g of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)
Tertiary (3°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to three carbons
Polymers that are hard at room temperature but soft when heated.
An ether(R!O!R) where the two R groups are notidentical.