- 4.7e.1: Methane is burned to form carbon dioxide and water in a batch react...
- 4.7e.2: How much oxygen was consumed? What is the fractional conversion of ...
- 4.7e.3: Write the extent of reaction equation (4.6-4) for methane, oxygen, ...
- 4.7e.4: How many independent molecular species balances can be written? How...
- 4.7e.5: Write the following balances and verify that they are all satisfied...
Solutions for Chapter 4.7e: BALANCES ON REACTIVE PROCESSES
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
Two or more forms of the same element that differ significantly in chemical and physical properties. (2.6)
A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring parallel to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly perpendicular to the equator of the ring.
An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.
From the Greek, cheir meaning hand; an object that is not superposable on its mirror image; an object that has handedness.
Addition of a nucleophile to the b-carbon of an a,b-unsaturated carbonyl compound. (Section 20.2A) Addition to carbons 1 and 4 of a conjugated diene.
An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and OH.
The isotope of hydrogen whose nucleus contains a proton and a neutron: 2 1H. (Section 22.2)
Diamagnetic current in NMR
The circulation of electron density in a molecule in an applied magnetic fi eld.
The attraction between the positive end of one dipole and the negative end of another.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of two peaks.
Solvation when the solvent is water. (Section 13.1)
A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)
A spectrum that contains radiation at only certain specific wavelengths. (Section 6.3)
metathesis (exchange) reaction
A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)
nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)
A form of spectroscopy that involves the study of the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and the nuclei of atoms.
nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.
A compound in which one or more OH groups, and possibly additional oxygen atoms, are bonded to a central atom. (Section 16.10)
A material that can be formed into particular shapes by application of heat and pressure. (Section 12.8)
For proteins, the sequence of amino acid residues.
A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.
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