- 4.7g.1: A reaction with stoichiometry A ! B takes place in a process with t...
- 4.7g.2: The separation unit and recycle pump and piping are expensive. Why ...
- 4.7g.3: Suppose a trace amount (say, 0.1%) of an inert material, I, is cont...
- 4.7g.4: Why not design the reactor to produce 10 mol A and 50 mol B from 60...
Solutions for Chapter 4.7g: BALANCES ON REACTIVE PROCESSES
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
A reaction in which one molecule adds to another. (24.2)
Instability that arises when a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals contains 4n p electrons.
A conformation of cyclohexane in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and many hydrogen atoms are eclipsing each other.
A reaction in which a substance reacts with oxygen, usually with the release of heat and light, to produce a flame. (4.4)
deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA).
A type of nucleic acid. (25.4)
Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions
A carbohydrate containing two monosaccharide units joined by a glycosidic bond.
A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is higher than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an endergonic reaction favors starting materials
A catalyst that dissolves in the reaction medium.
A cyclic amide.
In the addition of HX, H2O, or ROH to an alkene, hydrogen adds to the carbon of the double bond having the greater number of hydrogens.
net ionic equation
A chemical equation for a solution reaction in which soluble strong electrolytes are written as ions and spectator ions are omitted. (Section 4.2)
Compounds that are very similar in structure to triglycerides, with the main difference being that one of the three fatty acid residues is replaced by a phosphoester group.
quaternary ammonium salt
An ionic compound containing a positively charged nitrogen atom connected to four alkyl groups.
An isotope that is radioactive; that is, it is undergoing nuclear changes with emission of radiation. (Section 21.1)
A measure of the biological damage caused by radiation; rems = rads * RBE. (Section 21.9)
sp Hybrid orbitaL
A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and one 2p atomic orbital.
A process that is capable of proceeding in a given direction, as written or described, without needing to be driven by an outside source of energy. A process may be spontaneous even though it is very slow. (Section 19.1)
A solution prepared by dissolving Ag2O in aqueous ammonia; used for selective oxidation of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid.
Valence Bond Theory
A model of bonding that places electron pairs between adjacent atoms to create bonds.