- 4.8b.1: Methane burns in the reactions CH4 2O2 ! CO2 2H2O CH4 3 2 O2 ! CO 2...
- 4.8b.2: What is the theoretical O2 flow rate assuming that only 70% of the ...
- 4.8b.3: What is the theoretical air flow rate?
- 4.8b.4: If 100% excess air is supplied, what is the flow rate of air enteri...
- 4.8b.5: If the actual flow rate of air is such that 300 mol O2/h enters the...
Solutions for Chapter 4.8b: COMBUSTION REACTIONS
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
alkaline earth metals
Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
alpha (a) rays.
Helium ions with a positive charge of 12. (2.2)
Hydrocarbon compounds that contain a planar, cyclic arrangement of carbon atoms linked by both s and delocalized p bonds. (Section 24.2)
The peak caused by the most abundant ion in a mass spectrum; the most intense peak. It is assigned an arbitrary intensity of 100
A step in a chain reaction characterized by the formation of reactive intermediates (radicals, anions, or cations) from nonradical or noncharged molecules
A reaction in which an element reacts with a compound, displacing an element from it. (Section 4.4)
A method for analyzing the sequence of amino acids in apeptide by removing one amino acid residue at a time and identifying each residue as it is removed.
energy of activation
In an energy diagram, the height of the energy barrier (the hump) between the reactants and the products.
free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)
A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)
A carbanion with the structure RMgX.
An organic compound containing at least one halogen.
Compounds formed between two different halogen elements. Examples include IBr and BrF3. (Section 22.4)
The gradual decrease in atomic and ionic radii with increasing atomic number among the lanthanide elements, atomic numbers 57 through 70. The decrease arises because of a gradual increase in effective nuclear charge through the lanthanide series. (Section 23.1)
The energy required to separate completely the ions in an ionic solid. (Section 8.2)
A reagent used for allylic bromination to avoid a competing reaction in which bromine adds across the p bond.
A compound containing a !C#N (cyano) group bonded to a carbon atom.
A positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 2.3)
A selective reducing agent (NaBH3CN) that can be used for reductive amination.
A carbocation in which the positive charge is on one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.
Williamson ether synthesis
A method for preparing an ether from an alkoxide ion and an alkyl halide (via an SN2 process).