Solutions for Chapter 4.17: SUMMARY
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
A group that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane. (Section 25.3)
Delocalized electrons move freely through “bands” formed by overlapping molecular orbitals. (21.3)
A low-energy molecular orbital resulting from the constructive interference between atomic orbitals.
A polymer that contains a large number of branches connected to the main chain of the polymer.
A species in which a carbon atom has only six electrons in its valence shell and bears a positive charge
In electrocyclic reactions,a type of rotation in which the orbitals being used to form the new s bond must rotate in the same way.
In bond-line structures, agroup going behind the page.
Protein that does not exhibit normal biological activities. (25.3)
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
A polynucleotide in which the sugar component is deoxyribose. (Section 24.10)
A reaction in which an element reacts with a compound, displacing an element from it. (Section 4.4)
A compound with the structure R2CRN!NH2.
A reaction with water. When a cation or anion reacts with water, it changes the pH. (Sections 16.9 and 24.4)
A polymer with identical confi gurations (either all R or all S) at all chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, isotactic polypropylene
In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.
A plot of the relative abundance of ions versus their mass-to-charge ratio
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with mercury(II) acetate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride.
On an aromatic ring, the C4position.
Pauli exclusion principle
A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)
Primary structure of proteins
The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain, read from the N-terminal amino acid to the C-terminal amino acid.
A reaction in which a compound undergoes a decrease in oxidation state.
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