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Solutions for Chapter 4.36: SUMMARY

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780470616291

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Solutions for Chapter 4.36: SUMMARY

Solutions for Chapter 4.36
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Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780470616291. Chapter 4.36: SUMMARY includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, edition: 4. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 1 problems in chapter 4.36: SUMMARY have been answered, more than 24865 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • aldehydes.

    Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)

  • amino sugars

    Carbohydrate derivatives in which an OH group has been replaced with an amino group.

  • Aprotic solvent

    A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide

  • aryl amine

    An amine in which the nitrogen atom is connected directly to an aromatic ring.

  • boiling point.

    The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the external atmospheric pressure. (11.8)

  • condensation reaction

    A chemical reaction in which a small molecule (such as a molecule of water) is split out from between two reacting molecules. (Sections 12.6 and 22.8)

  • electronic structure

    The arrangement of electrons in an atom or molecule. (Chapter 6:Introduction)

  • electrostatic potential maps

    A three-dimensional, rainbowlike image used to visualize partial charges in a compound.

  • Ether

    A compound containing an oxygen atom bonded to two carbon atoms.

  • frequency factor (A)

    A term in the Arrhenius equation that is related to the frequency of collision and the probability that the collisions are favorably oriented for reaction. (Section 14.5)

  • lactone

    A cyclic ester.

  • mercurinium ion

    The intermediateformed during oxymercuration.

  • Optical purity

    The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.

  • ortho-para director

    A group that directs the regiochemistry of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction such that the incoming electrophile is installed at the ortho or para positions.

  • Ostwald process

    An industrial process used to make nitric acid from ammonia. The NH3 is catalytically oxidized by O2 to form NO; NO in air is oxidized to NO2; HNO3 is formed in a disproportionation reaction when NO2 dissolves in water. (Section 22.7)

  • oxonium ion

    An intermediate with a positively charged oxygen atom.

  • spontaneous

    A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.

  • Syndiotactic polymer

    A polymer with alternating R and S confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, syndiotactic polypropylene

  • Tesla (T)

    The SI unit for magnetic fi eld strength.

  • Wolff-Kishner reduction

    A method for converting a carbonyl group into a methylene group (CH2) under basic conditions.

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