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Solutions for Chapter 4.46: SUMMARY

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780470616291

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Solutions for Chapter 4.46: SUMMARY

Solutions for Chapter 4.46
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Chapter 4.46: SUMMARY includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 1 problems in chapter 4.46: SUMMARY have been answered, more than 45894 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780470616291. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, edition: 4.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Acylation

    The process of introducing an acyl group, RCO! or ArCO!, onto an organic molecule.

  • alpha particles.

    See alpha rays.

  • bonding molecular orbital.

    A molecular orbital that is of lower energy and greater stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)

  • Brønsted-Lowry acid

    A compound that can serve as a proton donor.

  • Carbanion

    An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.

  • Codon

    A triplet of nucleotides on mRNA that directs incorporation of a specifi c amino acid into a polypeptide sequence.

  • conduction band

    A band of molecular orbitals lying higher in energy than the occupied valence band and distinctly separated from it. (Section 12.7)

  • Conjugate base

    The species formed when an acid transfers a proton to a base

  • decarboxylation

    A reaction involving loss of CO2, characteristic of compounds containing a carbonyl group that is beta to a COOH group.

  • Dispersion forces

    Very weak intermolecular forces of attraction resulting from the interaction between temporary induced dipoles

  • endothermic process

    A process in which a system absorbs heat from its surroundings. (Section 5.2)

  • Exergonic reaction

    A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is lower than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an exergonic reaction favors products.

  • Ground-state electron confi guration

    The lowest-energy electron confi guration for an atom or molecule.

  • hydrogen bonding

    Bonding that results from intermolecular attractions between molecules containing hydrogen bonded to an electronegative element. The most important examples involve OH, NH, and HF. (Section 11.2)

  • ionic bond

    A bond between oppositely charged ions. The ions are formed from atoms by transfer of one or more electrons. (Section 8.1)

  • leveling effect

    An effect thatprevents the use of bases stronger than hydroxidewhen the solvent is water.

  • molal freezing-point-depression constant (Kf)

    A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the decrease in freezing point as a function of solution molality: ?Tf = -Kf m. (Section 13.5)

  • Phospholipid

    A lipid containing glycerol esterifi ed with two molecules of fatty acid and one molecule of phosphoric acid.

  • SN1 reaction

    A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

  • syn addition

    An addition reaction in which two groups are added to the same face of a p bond.

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