Solutions for Chapter 4.62: SUMMARY
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
aldol addition reaction
A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.
Difference in electrical potential between the anode and the cathode of a galvanic cell. (18.2)
A strong attractive force that exists between atoms in a molecule. (Section 8.1)
Saturated hydrocarbons of general formula CnH2n in which the carbon atoms form a closed ring. (Section 24.2)
B2H6. A dimeric structure formed when one borane molecule reacts with another.
A method for selectively cleaving and identifying the N-terminal amino acid of a polypeptide chain.
A reaction that produces one enantiomer in preference to the other.
The steric interaction that results when two groups in a Newman projection are separated by a dihedral angle of 60°.
A compound of the type CHX3 where X is a halogen.
heterolytic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.
When signal splitting occurs in 1H NMR spectroscopy, the distance (in hertz) between the individual peaks of a signal.
The product of the mass, m, and velocity, v, of an object. (Section 6.4)
An industrial process used to make nitric acid from ammonia. The NH3 is catalytically oxidized by O2 to form NO; NO in air is oxidized to NO2; HNO3 is formed in a disproportionation reaction when NO2 dissolves in water. (Section 22.7)
From the Greek, poly 1 meros, meaning many parts. Any long-chain molecule synthesized by linking together many single parts called monomers
A particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, 0 +1e, or b+. (Section 21.1)
representative (main-group) element
An element from within the s and p blocks of the periodic table (Figure 6.29). (Section 6.9)
Separation of a racemic mixture into its enantiomers; in mass spectrometry, a measure of how well a mass spectrometer separates ions of different mass.
A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.
The study of the energy of chemical structures.
A protein used to transport molecules or ions from one location to another. Hemoglobin is a classic example of a transport protein, used to transport molecular oxygen from the lungs to all the tissues of the body.
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