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Solutions for Chapter 4.91: SUMMARY

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780470616291

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Solutions for Chapter 4.91: SUMMARY

Solutions for Chapter 4.91
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, edition: 4. Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780470616291. Chapter 4.91: SUMMARY includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. Since 1 problems in chapter 4.91: SUMMARY have been answered, more than 38314 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid rain

    Rainwater that has become excessively acidic because of absorption of pollutant oxides, notably SO3, produced by human activities. (Section 18.2)

  • activation energy (Ea)

    The minimum energy needed for reaction; the height of the energy barrier to formation of products. (Section 14.5)

  • adhesion.

    Attraction between unlike molecules. (11.3)

  • aromatic

    A compound containing a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals with 4n+2p electrons.

  • Aufbau principle.

    As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)

  • equatorial position

    For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is approximately along the equator of the ring.

  • Fatty acid

    A long, unbranched-chain carboxylic acid, most commonly of 12 to 20 carbons, derived from the hydrolysis of animal fats, vegetable oils, or the phospholipids of biological membranes.

  • Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky reaction

    A reaction in which a carboxylic acid undergoes a-halogenation when treated with bromine in the presence of PBr3.

  • homogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that is in the same phase as the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)

  • instantaneous rate

    The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)

  • l-Monosaccharide

    A monosaccharide that, when written as a Fischer projection, has the !OH on its penultimate carbon to the left.

  • lipid bilayer

    The main fabricof cell membranes, assembled primarily fromphosphoglycerides.

  • meta

    On an aromatic ring, the C3 position.

  • nucleotide

    Compounds formed from a molecule of phosphoric acid, a sugar molecule, and an organic nitrogen base. Nucleotides form linear polymers called DNA and RNA, which are involved in protein synthesis and cell reproduction. (Section 24.10)

  • oxymercuration-demercuration

    A two-step process for the Markovnikov addition of water across an alkene. With this process, carbocation rearrangements do not occur.

  • primitive lattice

    A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located only at the corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)

  • Reaction coordinate diagram

    A graph showing the energy changes that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis.

  • rem

    A measure of the biological damage caused by radiation; rems = rads * RBE. (Section 21.9)

  • ring flip

    A conformational change in which one chair conformation is converted into the other.

  • spontaneous

    A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.

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