Solutions for Chapter 4.95: SUMMARY
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
An ion with a net negative charge. (2.5)
A high-energy intermediate formed during the elimination-addition reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.
An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.
A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)
A type of magnetism that causes a substance with no unpaired electrons to be weakly repelled from a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)
A material that can undergo a substantial change in shape via stretching, bending, or compression and return to its original shape upon release of the distorting force. (Section 12.6)
The number of full cycles of a wave that pass a given point in a second, and reported in hertz (Hz), which has the units s21
Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the volume and shape of its container. (Section 1.2)
A cyclic compound whose ring contains more than one kind of atom. Oxirane (ethylene oxide), for example, is a heterocycle whose ring contains two carbon atoms and one oxygen atom.
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen. (Section 2.9)
A solution containing just one enantiomer, but not its mirror image.
The pH of blood (approximately 7.3).
Polymers made up of repeating urethane groups, also sometimes called carbamate groups (!N!CO2!).
The determination of the presence or absence of a particular substance in a mixture. (Section 17.7)
Having specifi c values for energy and momentum
A measure of the decrease in concentration of a reactant or the increase in concentration of a product with time. (Section 14.2)
The process by which water molecules move under high pressure through a semipermeable membrane from the more concentrated to the less concentrated solution. (Section 18.4)
Ions that go through a reaction unchanged and that appear on both sides of the complete ionic equation. (Section 4.2)
For mechanisms, a step that involves three chemical entities.
Vibrational infrared region
A common type of spin-spin coupling involving the H atoms on two C atoms that are bonded to each other.
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