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Solutions for Chapter 4.106: SUMMARY

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780470616291

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Solutions for Chapter 4.106: SUMMARY

Solutions for Chapter 4.106
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Chapter 4.106: SUMMARY includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, edition: 4. Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780470616291. Since 1 problems in chapter 4.106: SUMMARY have been answered, more than 38067 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • (PAHs)

    Compounds containing multiple aromatic rings fused together.

  • aldol addition reaction

    A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.

  • angle strain

    The increase in energy associated with a bond angle that has deviated from the preferred angle of 109.5°.

  • Azeotrope

    A liquid mixture of constant composition with a boiling point that is different from that of any of its components.

  • conduction band

    A band of molecular orbitals lying higher in energy than the occupied valence band and distinctly separated from it. (Section 12.7)

  • dipole moment (m)

    The amount of partial charge (d ) on either end of a dipole multiplied by the distance of separation (d): m=d × d

  • electromagnetic radiation (radiant energy)

    A form of energy that has wave characteristics and that propagates through a vacuum at the characteristic speed of 3.00 * 108 m >s. (Section 6.1)

  • electrospray ionization (ESI):

    In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.

  • Fischer projection

    A twodimensional representation of a molecule; in these projections, groups on the right and left are by convention in front, while those at the top and bottom are to the rear.

  • Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.

  • intensive property

    A property that is independent of the amount of material considered, for example, density. (Section 1.3)

  • Markovnikov addition

    In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.

  • optically active

    Possessing the ability to rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • phospholipids

    Esterlike derivatives of phosphoric acid.

  • plasticizers

    Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.

  • Regioselective reaction

    An addition or substitution reaction in which one of two or more possible products is formed in preference to all others that might be formed.

  • solvolysis

    A substitution reaction in which the solvent functions as the nucleophile.

  • specific heat 1Cs2

    The heat capacity of 1 g of a substance; the heat required to raise the temperature of 1 g of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)

  • terpenes

    A diverse class of naturally occurring compounds that can be thought of as being assembled from isoprene units, each of which contains five carbon atoms.

  • thermoplastics

    Polymers that are hard at room temperature but soft when heated.

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