Solutions for Chapter 4.107: SUMMARY
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
Steric interactions that occur between axial substituents in a chair conformation.
Avogadro’s number (NA)
The number of 12C atoms in exactly 12 g of 12C; it equals 6.022 * 1023 mol-1. (Section 3.4)
crystalline solid (crystal)
A solid whose internal arrangement of atoms, molecules, or ions possesses a regularly repeating pattern in any direction through the solid. (Section 12.2)
In bond-line structures, agroup going behind the page.
A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.
A method for analyzing the sequence of amino acids in apeptide by removing one amino acid residue at a time and identifying each residue as it is removed.
A collection of orbitals that have the same value of n. For example, the orbitals with n = 3 (the 3s, 3p, and 3d orbitals) comprise the third shell. (Section 6.5)
Coal, oil, and natural gas, which are presently our major sources of energy. (Section 5.8)
CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.
The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)
A compound containing a five-membered ring that is similar to pyrrole but has one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.
loss of a leaving group
One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.
A biopolymer containing three types of monomer units: heterocyclic aromatic amine bases derived from purine and pyrimidine, the monosaccharides d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose, and phosphoric acid
Triglycerides that are liquids at room temperature.
A group that directs the regiochemistry of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction such that the incoming electrophile is installed at the ortho or para positions.
Cleavage by light.
polar aprotic solvent
A solvent that lacks hydrogen atoms connected directly to an electronegative atom.
The ability of an atom or molecule to distribute its electron density unevenly in response to external influences.
A name that is assigned using the rules of IUPAC nomenclature.
Experimental conditions that permit the establishment of equilibrium between two or more products of a reaction. The composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative stabilities of the products.
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