Solutions for Chapter 5.4a: THE COMPRESSIBILITY-FACTOR EQUATION OF STATE
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
A pericyclic reaction, also called a Diels-Alder reaction, that takes place between two different p systems, one of which is associated with four atoms while the other is associated with two atoms.
An ion with a net negative charge. (2.5)
A liquid mixture of constant composition with a boiling point that is different from that of any of its components.
Removal of !H and !X from adjacent carbons; a type of b-elimination
directed aldol addition
A techniquefor performing a crossed aldol addition thatproduces one major product.
Therange of all frequencies of electromagnetic radiation,which is arbitrarily divided into severalregions, most commonly by wavelength.
A compound containing an oxygen atom bonded to two carbon atoms.
For a metal ion complex, the equilibrium constant for formation of the complex from the metal ion and base species present in solution. It is a measure of the tendency of the complex to form. (Section 17.5)
frequency factor (A)
A term in the Arrhenius equation that is related to the frequency of collision and the probability that the collisions are favorably oriented for reaction. (Section 14.5)
The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)
heat of vaporization
The enthalpy change, ?H, for vaporization of a liquid. (Section 11.4)
A measure of the strength of an acid: Ka = Keq 3H2O4 = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4
A drawing style that is designed to show the conformation of a molecule.
During the polymerization process, compounds constructed from just a few monomers.
oxidation number (oxidation state)
A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)
Pauli exclusion principle
A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)
A phosphoric monoester, which is the simplest kind of phosphoglyceride.
A polymer constructed from nucleotides linked together.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.
sp Hybrid orbitaL
A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and one 2p atomic orbital.
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