- 6.5b.1: Solid crystals of sodium chloride are slowly added to 1000 kg of wa...
- 6.5b.2: An aqueous solution contains 50.0 wt% KNO3 at 80C. To what temperat...
- 6.5b.3: What do the terms hydrated salt, water of hydration, and anhydrous ...
- 6.5b.4: Given that the molecular weight of MgSO4 is 120.4, what is the mass...
- 6.5b.5: Why is there a slope discontinuity at 40C in the Na2SO4 solubility ...
Solutions for Chapter 6.5b: SOLUTIONS OF SOLIDS IN LIQUIDS
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
In mass spectrometry, the tallest peak in the spectrum, which is assigned a relative value of 100%.
A structural form of protein in which two strands of amino acids are hydrogen-bonded together in a zipperlike configuration. (Section 24.7)
The measurement of heat changes. (6.5)
Polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones with molecular formula CxH2xOx.
A step in a chain reaction characterized by the formation of reactive intermediates (radicals, anions, or cations) from nonradical or noncharged molecules
A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.
colloids (colloidal dispersions)
Mixtures containing particles larger than normal solutes but small enough to remain suspended in the dispersing medium. (Section 13.6)
Atoms that lie in the same plane.
A material that can undergo a substantial change in shape via stretching, bending, or compression and return to its original shape upon release of the distorting force. (Section 12.6)
A compound containing an oxygen atom bonded to two carbon atoms.
For cyclohexane, the steric interactions that occur between the flagpole hydrogen atoms in a boat conformation.
The highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) that participate in a reaction.
Gibbs free energy change (DG°)
The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.
The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)
A monosaccharide containing a ketone group.
Solids that are composed of metal atoms. (Section 12.1)
The nucleophile in a Michael reaction.
A compound that reduces another compound and in the process is itself oxidized. Sodium borohydride and lithium aluminum hydride are reducing agents.
A mixture of substances that has a uniform composition; a homogeneous mixture. (Section 1.2)
Lipids that are based on a tetracyclic ring system involving three six-membered rings and one five-membered ring. Cholesterol is an example.