- 6.5c.1: What is a colligative solution property? Name three of them
- 6.5c.2: The vapor pressure of a solvent at 120C is 1000 mm Hg. A solution c...
- 6.5c.3: The solution described in question 2 is heated to a temperature at ...
- 6.5c.4: Explain why salt is scattered on roads and sidewalks on a snowy day.
- 6.5c.5: Explain why antifreeze (which you may think of as a nonvolatile sol...
Solutions for Chapter 6.5c: SOLUTIONS OF SOLIDS IN LIQUIDS
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
Organic bases that have the functional group —NR2, where R may be H, an alkyl group, or an aromatic group. (24.4)
A high-energy molecular orbital resulting from the destructive interference between atomic orbitals.
A term used initially to classify benzene and its derivatives. More accurately, it is used to classify any compound that meets the Hückel criteria for aromaticity (Section 21.2A).
A liquid mixture of constant composition with a boiling point that is different from that of any of its components.
beta (b) rays.
bonding atomic radius
The radius of an atom as defined by the distances separating it from other atoms to which it is chemically bonded. (Section 7.3)
A compound that delivers the elements of a carbene without actually producing a free carbene.
conservation of orbital symmetry
During a reaction, the requirement that the phases of the frontier MOs must be aligned.
effective nuclear charge
The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many-electron atom; this charge is not the full nuclear charge because there is some shielding of the nucleus by the other electrons in the atom. (Section 7.2)
heat of fusion
The enthalpy change, ?H, for melting a solid. (Section 11.4)
A compound containing a !C#N (cyano) group bonded to a carbon atom.
overall reaction order
The sum of the reaction orders of all the reactants appearing in the rate expression when the rate can be expressed as rate = k3A4a 3B4b... . (Section 14.3)
An intermediate that is believed to be formed during Wittig reactions.
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
Changes (such as a phase change) that occur with no change in chemical composition. (Section 1.3)
A chemical entity with an unpaired electron.
A process of reasoning backwards from a target molecule to a suitable set of starting materials.
Compounds that have the same constitution but differ in the 3D arrangement of atoms.
The SI unit for magnetic fi eld strength.
A conformation of cyclohexane that is lower in energy than a boat conformation but higher in energy than a chair conformation.