- 7.3.1: What do the terms closed system and open system mean? What is an ad...
- 7.3.2: If 250 J is added to a system as heat, what is the value of Q in th...
- 7.3.3: If a closed system has an internal energy of 100 kcal at the beginn...
- 7.3.4: Under what circumstances might U be considered independent of press...
Solutions for Chapter 7.3: ENERGY BALANCES ON CLOSED SYSTEMS
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
Impurities that can accept electrons from semiconductors. (21.3)
An RCO! or ArCO! group.
alkaline earth metals
Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
An organic compound that has an NR2 group attached to a carbonyl. (Section 24.4)
A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.
Aryl group (Ar -)
A group derived from an arene by removal of an H.
An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.
A notation that uses chemical symbols with numerical subscripts to convey the relative proportions of atoms of the different elements in a substance. (Section 2.6)
An expression showing the chemical composition of a compound in terms of the symbols for the atoms of the elements involved. (2.6)
Substance capable of conducting electric current. (21.3)
In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are syn to the larger bridge.
Enthalpy change, DH
The difference in total bond strengths and solvation between various points under comparison on a reaction coordinate diagram
A carbanion with the structure RMgX.
high-resolution mass spectrometry
A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.
The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N >m2 . (Section 10.2)
Pi (p) bond
A covalent bond formed by the overlap of parallel 2p orbitals.
A polymer in which each monomer unit is joined to the next by an ester bond, as, for example, poly(ethylene terephthalate).
A positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 2.3)
A solution containing equal amounts of both enantiomers.
The preferred metric units for use in science. (Section 1.4)
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