- 8.4e.1: (a) Under what conditions do the temperature and humidity of a gas ...
- 8.4e.2: Air at 26C with a relative humidity of 10% undergoes an adiabatic h...
Solutions for Chapter 8.4e: PHASE-CHANGE OPERATIONS
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
A negatively charged ion. (Section 2.7)
The slow oxidation of organic compounds that occurs in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.
base-dissociation constant (Kb)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)
A low-energy molecular orbital resulting from the constructive interference between atomic orbitals.
A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable materials than it uses. (19.5)
The process by which a liquid rises in a tube because of a combination of adhesion to the walls of the tube and cohesion between liquid particles. (Section 11.3)
The electrode at which reduction occurs. (18.2)
In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are syn to the larger bridge.
Vibrations in the region 1500 to 400 cm21 of an IR spectrum are complex and diffi cult to analyze but are characteristic for different molecules.
First ionization potential
The energy needed to remove the most loosely held electron from an atom or molecule.
A drawing style inwhich the electrons take center stage.linear polymer (Sect. 27.6): A polymer thathas only a minimal amount of branching or nobranching at all.
The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital.
Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with nonmetals and metalloids. (Section 22.2)
The product of the mass, m, and velocity, v, of an object. (Section 6.4)
Planck constant (h)
The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.
A change in connectivity of the atoms in a product compared with the con nectivity of the same atoms in the starting material.
The combination of a Michael addition followed by an aldol condensation to form a ring.
A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.