- 8.5d.1: Estimate (a) the temperature at which the mass fraction of NH3 in t...
- 8.5d.2: What is the heat of vaporization of NH3 at its normal boiling point?
- 8.5d.3: . If an NH3H2O mixture whose overall composition is 50% NH350% H2O ...
Solutions for Chapter 8.5d: MIXING AND SOLUTION
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
A reaction in which a reagent adds to the two carbon atoms of a carbon–carbon multiple bond. (Section 24.3)
The vertical distance from the middle of a wave to the peak or trough. (7.1)
In mass spectrometry, the tallest peak in the spectrum, which is assigned a relative value of 100%.
An equilibrium property measured by the position of equilibrium in an acid-base reaction, as, for example, the acid-base reaction between ammonia and water.
bonding molecular orbital.
A molecular orbital that is of lower energy and greater stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)
The deterioration of metals by an electrochemical process. (18.7)
A situation in which two or more orbitals have the same energy. (Section 6.7)
An alloy in which the components are not distributed uniformly; instead, two or more distinct phases with characteristic compositions are present. (Section 12.3)
The equilibrium established between substances in two or more different phases, for example, between a gas and a solid or between a solid and a liquid. (Section 15.4)
For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)
A compound composed of cations and anions. (Section 2.7)
N-Terminal amino acid
The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !NH2 group
A rule stating that bonded atoms tend to possess or share a total of eight valence-shell electrons. (Section 8.1)
The removal of an electron from an atom or molecule by absorption of light. (Section 18.2)
An equation that relates the reaction rate to the concentrations of reactants (and sometimes of products also). (Section 14.3)
A test for determining the relationship between two protons. The compound is drawn two times, each time replacing one of the protons with deuterium. If the two compounds are identical, the protons are homotopic. If the two compounds are enantiomers, the protons are enantiotopic. If the two compounds are diastereomers, the protons are diastereotopic.
A special type of stereoselective reaction in which the stereochemistry of the product is dependent on the stereochemistry of the starting material.
Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.
van der Waals radius
The minimum distance of approach to an atom that does not cause nonbonded interaction strain.
For alkenes, a stereodescriptor that indicates that the two priority groups are on the same side of the p bond.