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Solutions for Chapter 8.6: SUMMARY

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780470616291

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Solutions for Chapter 8.6: SUMMARY

Solutions for Chapter 8.6
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Textbook: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes
Edition: 4
Author: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard
ISBN: 9780470616291

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780470616291. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 115 problems in chapter 8.6: SUMMARY have been answered, more than 38456 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, edition: 4. Chapter 8.6: SUMMARY includes 115 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • antibonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated outside the region between the two nuclei of bonded atoms. Such orbitals, designated as s* or p*, are less stable (of higher energy) than bonding molecular orbitals. (Section 9.7)

  • atactic

    A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which are not arranged in a pattern (they have random configurations).

  • Chlorofl uorocarbons (CFCs, Freons)

    Compounds with one or two carbons, chlorine, and fl uorine, formerly used as refrigerants

  • complex ion (complex)

    An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases (ligands) bonded to it. (Section 17.5)

  • conformation

    A three-dimensional shape that can be adopted by a compound as a result of rotation about single bonds.

  • conjugate acid–base pair

    An acid and a base, such as H2O and OH-, that differ only in the presence or absence of a proton. (Section 16.2)

  • conrotatory

    In electrocyclic reactions,a type of rotation in which the orbitals being used to form the new s bond must rotate in the same way.

  • critical temperature

    The highest temperature at which it is possible to convert the gaseous form of a substance to a liquid. The critical temperature increases with an increase in the magnitude of intermolecular forces. (Section 11.4)

  • elementary reaction

    A process in a chemical reaction that occurs in a single step. An overall chemical reaction consists of one or more elementary reactions or steps. (Section 14.6)

  • Endergonic reaction

    A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is higher than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an endergonic reaction favors starting materials

  • ferrimagnetism

    A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on different-type ions point in opposite directions but do not fully cancel out. (Section 23.1)

  • Frequency

    The number of full cycles of a wave that pass a given point in a second, and reported in hertz (Hz), which has the units s21

  • Hammond’s postulate

    The structure of the transition state for an exothermic step looks more like the reactants of that step than the products. Conversely, the structure of the transition state for an endothermic step looks more like the products of that step than the reactants.

  • Heterocycle

    A cyclic compound whose ring contains more than one kind of atom. Oxirane (ethylene oxide), for example, is a heterocycle whose ring contains two carbon atoms and one oxygen atom.

  • hydrochlorofluorocarbons, (HCFCs)

    Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.

  • Nonbonding electrons

    Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.

  • Polyunsaturated fatty acid

    A fatty acid with two or more carbon-carbon double bonds in its hydrocarbon chain

  • s-trans

    A conformation of a conjugateddiene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is translike (a dihedral angle of 180°).

  • saturated

    A compound that contains no p bonds.

  • Triol

    A compound containing three hydroxyl groups.

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