- 9.1: Explain in your own words the concepts of exothermic and endothermi...
- 9.2: The following two sentences seem to contain a self-contradiction. I...
Solutions for Chapter 9: Balances on Reactive Processes
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of its extinction coefficient 1e2, the path length through which the light passes (b), and the molar concentration of the substance (c): A = ebc. (Section 14.2)
cholesteric liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal formed from flat, disc-shaped molecules that align through a stacking of the molecular discs. (Section 11.7)
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using Zn(Hg) and HCl
In electrocyclic reactions,a type of rotation in which the orbitals being used to form the new s bond must rotate in the same way.
A state of balance in which opposing processes occur at the same rate. (Section 11.5)
Light and other forms of radiant energy.
A mixture of triglycerides that is semisolid or solid at room temperature.
Long-chain carboxylic acids.
An orbital formed by the combination of two or more atomic orbitals.
Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.
Low-resolution mass spectrometry
Instrumentation that is capable of separating only ions that differ in mass by 1 or more amu.
A compound that lacks a ring with a continuous system of overlapping p orbitals.
A polyatomic anion that contains one or more oxygen atoms. (Section 2.8)
The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N >m2 . (Section 10.2)
A variety of enzymes that selectively hydrolyze specific peptide bonds.
Replacing this hydrogen by deuterium gives a chiral center with an S confi guration
Movement of a molecule as though it is spinning like a top. (Section 19.3)
A compound that contains no p bonds.
Secondary (2°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogen
A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.