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Solutions for Chapter 9.3: FORMATION REACTIONS AND HEATS OF FORMATION

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780470616291

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Solutions for Chapter 9.3: FORMATION REACTIONS AND HEATS OF FORMATION

Solutions for Chapter 9.3
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This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, edition: 4. Chapter 9.3: FORMATION REACTIONS AND HEATS OF FORMATION includes 3 full step-by-step solutions. Since 3 problems in chapter 9.3: FORMATION REACTIONS AND HEATS OF FORMATION have been answered, more than 8707 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780470616291.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Addition reaction

    A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms react with a double bond, forming a compound with the two new groups bonded to the carbons of the original double bond.

  • addition reaction

    A reaction in which a reagent adds to the two carbon atoms of a carbon–carbon multiple bond. (Section 24.3)

  • aldonic acid

    The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is oxidized.

  • Axial bond

    A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring parallel to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly perpendicular to the equator of the ring.

  • basic anhydride (basic oxide)

    An oxide that forms a base when added to water; soluble metal oxides are basic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)

  • cation

    A positively charged ion. (Section 2.7)

  • configuration

    The 3D spatial orientation of the groups connected to a chirality center (R or S ) or of the groups in a stereoisiomeric alkene (E or Z).

  • enamine

    A compound containing a nitrogen atom directly connected to a carboncarbon p bond.

  • enantiomeric excess

    For a mixture containing two enantiomers, the difference between the percent concentration of the major enantiomer and the percent concentration of its mirror image.

  • frequency

    For electromagnetic radiation, the number of wavelengths that pass a particular point in space per unit time.

  • hard water

    Water that contains appreciable concentrations of Ca2 + and Mg 2 + ; these ions react with soaps to form an insoluble material. (Section 18.4)

  • heat of reaction

    The heat given off during a reaction.

  • Lactam

    A cyclic amide.

  • locant

    In nomenclature, a numberused to identify the location of a substituent.

  • R

    A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A clockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as R.

  • R (Section 3.3)

    From the Latin, rectus, straight, correct; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is clockwise.

  • Racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of two enantiomers.

  • Raoult’s law

    A law stating that the partial pressure of a solvent over a solution, Psolution, is given by the vapor pressure of the pure solvent, P° solvent, times the mole fraction of a solvent in the solution, Xsolvent: Psolution = XsolventP° solvent. (Section 13.5)

  • Specifi c rotation

    The observed rotation of the plane of polarized light when a sample is placed in a tube 1.0 dm in length and at a concentration of 1 g/mL for a solution. For a pure liquid, concentration is expressed in g/mL (density).

  • Sulfi de

    The sulfur analog of an ether; a molecule containing a sulfur atom bonded to two carbon atoms. Sulfi des are also called thioethers

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