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Solutions for Chapter 10.5: SUMMARY

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780470616291

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Solutions for Chapter 10.5: SUMMARY

Solutions for Chapter 10.5
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Textbook: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes
Edition: 4
Author: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard
ISBN: 9780470616291

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, edition: 4. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 10.5: SUMMARY includes 36 full step-by-step solutions. Since 36 problems in chapter 10.5: SUMMARY have been answered, more than 8682 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780470616291.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • addition reactions

    Reactions that are characterized by the addition of two groups across a double bond. In the process, the pi (p) bond is broken.

  • alloy.

    A solid solution composed of two or more metals, or of a metal or metals with one or more nonmetals. (21.2)

  • antibonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated outside the region between the two nuclei of bonded atoms. Such orbitals, designated as s* or p*, are less stable (of higher energy) than bonding molecular orbitals. (Section 9.7)

  • basic anhydride (basic oxide)

    An oxide that forms a base when added to water; soluble metal oxides are basic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)

  • Bond length

    The distance between atoms in a covalent bond in picometers (pm; 1 pm 5 10212 m) or Å (1Å 5 10210 m).

  • bromohydrin

    A compound containing a Br group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.

  • Formal charge

    The charge on an atom in a polyatomic ion or molecule

  • homopolymer

    A polymer constructed from a single type of monomer.

  • hydrazone

    A compound with the structure R2CRN!NH2.

  • ideal gas

    A hypothetical gas whose pressure, volume, and temperature behavior is completely described by the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)

  • law of definite proportions

    A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure substance is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of constant composition. (Section 1.2)

  • mercapto group

    An SH group.

  • osmosis

    The net movement of solvent through a semipermeable membrane toward the solution with greater solute concentration. (Section 13.5)

  • Pro-R-hydrogen

    Replacing this hydrogen by deuterium gives a chiral center with an R confi guration

  • Protecting group

    Reversibly creating an unreactive group for the purpose of preventing a functional group from potentially reacting to give an unwanted product or products

  • resonance hybrid

    A term used to describe the character of a chemical entity (molecule, ion, or radical) exhibiting more than one significant resonance structure.

  • Saponifi cation

    Hydrolysis of an ester in aqueous NaOH or KOH to an alcohol and the sodium or potassium salts of carboxylic acids

  • thermodynamic control

    A reaction for which the ratio of products is determined solely by the distribution of energy among the products.

  • Thermodynamic control

    Experimental conditions that permit the establishment of equilibrium between two or more products of a reaction. The composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative stabilities of the products.

  • zwitterion

    A net neutral compound that exhibits charge separation. Amino acids exist as zwitterions at physiological pH.

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